language Field Type

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language Field Type

The language type is a subset of the ChoiceType that allows the user to select from a large list of languages. As an added bonus, the language names are displayed in the language of the user.

The "value" for each language is the Unicode language identifier (e.g. fr or zh-Hant).


The locale of your user is guessed using Locale::getDefault()

Unlike the choice type, you don't need to specify a choices or choice_list option as the field type automatically uses a large list of languages. You can specify either of these options manually, but then you should just use the choice type directly.

Rendered as can be various tags (see Select tag, Checkboxes or Radio Buttons)
Overridden Options
Inherited options
Parent type choice
Class LanguageType

Overridden Options


default: getDisplayLanguages()

The choices option defaults to all languages returned by getDisplayLanguages(). It uses the default locale to specify the language.

Inherited Options

These options inherit from the choice type:


type: Boolean default: false

If true, the user will be able to select multiple options (as opposed to choosing just one option). Depending on the value of the expanded option, this will render either a select tag or checkboxes if true and a select tag or radio buttons if false. The returned value will be an array.


type: Boolean default: false

If set to true, radio buttons or checkboxes will be rendered (depending on the multiple value). If false, a select element will be rendered.


type: array default: array()

If this option is specified, then a sub-set of all of the options will be moved to the top of the select menu. The following would move the "Baz" option to the top, with a visual separator between it and the rest of the options:

$builder->add('foo_choices', 'choice', array(
    'choices' => array('foo' => 'Foo', 'bar' => 'Bar', 'baz' => 'Baz'),
    'preferred_choices' => array('baz'),

Note that preferred choices are only meaningful when rendering as a select element (i.e. expanded is false). The preferred choices and normal choices are separated visually by a set of dotted lines (i.e. -------------------). This can be customized when rendering the field:

  • Twig
    {{ form_widget(form.foo_choices, { 'separator': '=====' }) }}
  • PHP
    <?php echo $view['form']->widget($form['foo_choices'], array('separator' => '=====')) ?>


type: string or Boolean

This option determines whether or not a special "empty" option (e.g. "Choose an option") will appear at the top of a select widget. This option only applies if both the expanded and multiple options are set to false.

  • Add an empty value with "Choose an option" as the text:

    $builder->add('states', 'choice', array(
        'empty_value' => 'Choose an option',
  • Guarantee that no "empty" value option is displayed:

    $builder->add('states', 'choice', array(
        'empty_value' => false,

If you leave the empty_value option unset, then a blank (with no text) option will automatically be added if and only if the required option is false:

// a blank (with no text) option will be added
$builder->add('states', 'choice', array(
    'required' => false,


type: Boolean default: false unless the form is compound

If true, any errors for this field will be passed to the parent field or form. For example, if set to true on a normal field, any errors for that field will be attached to the main form, not to the specific field.

2.1The error_mapping option is new to Symfony 2.1.


type: array default: empty

This option allows you to modify the target of a validation error.

Imagine you have a custom method named matchingCityAndZipCode that validates whether the city and zip code match. Unfortunately, there is no "matchingCityAndZipCode" field in your form, so all that Symfony can do is display the error on top of the form.

With customized error mapping, you can do better: map the error to the city field so that it displays above it:

public function setDefaultOptions(OptionsResolverInterface $resolver)
        'error_mapping' => array(
            'matchingCityAndZipCode' => 'city',

Here are the rules for the left and the right side of the mapping:

  • The left side contains property paths.
  • If the violation is generated on a property or method of a class, its path is simply "propertyName".
  • If the violation is generated on an entry of an array or ArrayAccess object, the property path is [indexName].
  • You can construct nested property paths by concatenating them, separating properties by dots. For example: addresses[work].matchingCityAndZipCode
  • The left side of the error mapping also accepts a dot ., which refers to the field itself. That means that any error added to the field is added to the given nested field instead.
  • The right side contains simply the names of fields in the form.

These options inherit from the date type:


type: Boolean default: true

If true, an HTML5 required attribute will be rendered. The corresponding label will also render with a required class.

This is superficial and independent from validation. At best, if you let Symfony guess your field type, then the value of this option will be guessed from your validation information.


type: string default: The label is "guessed" from the field name

Sets the label that will be used when rendering the field. The label can also be directly set inside the template:

{{ form_label(, 'Your name') }}


2.1The read_only option was changed in 2.1 to render as a readonly HTML attribute. Previously, it rendered as a disabled attribute. Use the disabled option if you need the old behavior.

type: Boolean default: false

If this option is true, the field will be rendered with the readonly attribute so that the field is not editable.


2.1The disabled option is new in version 2.1

type: boolean default: false

If you don't want a user to modify the value of a field, you can set the disabled option to true. Any submitted value will be ignored.


type: boolean

If you wish the field to be ignored when reading or writing to the object, you can set the mapped option to false.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.