Making the Locale "Sticky" during a User's Session

3.3 version

Making the Locale "Sticky" during a User's Session

Symfony stores the locale setting in the Request, which means that this setting is not automtically saved ("sticky") across requests. But, you can store the locale in the session, so that it's used on subsequent requests.

Creating a LocaleSubscriber

Create and a new event subscriber. Typically, _locale is used as a routing parameter to signify the locale, though you can determine the correct locale however you want:

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// src/AppBundle/EventSubscriber/LocaleSubscriber.php
namespace AppBundle\EventSubscriber;

use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\Event\GetResponseEvent;
use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\KernelEvents;
use Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;

class LocaleSubscriber implements EventSubscriberInterface
{
    private $defaultLocale;

    public function __construct($defaultLocale = 'en')
    {
        $this->defaultLocale = $defaultLocale;
    }

    public function onKernelRequest(GetResponseEvent $event)
    {
        $request = $event->getRequest();
        if (!$request->hasPreviousSession()) {
            return;
        }

        // try to see if the locale has been set as a _locale routing parameter
        if ($locale = $request->attributes->get('_locale')) {
            $request->getSession()->set('_locale', $locale);
        } else {
            // if no explicit locale has been set on this request, use one from the session
            $request->setLocale($request->getSession()->get('_locale', $this->defaultLocale));
        }
    }

    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return array(
            // must be registered after the default Locale listener
            KernelEvents::REQUEST => array(array('onKernelRequest', 15)),
        );
    }
}

If you're using the default services.yml configuration, you're done! Symfony will automatically know about the event subscriber and call the onKernelRequest method on each request.

To see it working, either set the _locale key on the session manually (e.g. via some "Change Locale" route & controller), or create a route with a the _locale default.

You can also explicitly configure it, in order to pass in the default_locale:

  • YAML
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    services:
        # ...
    
        AppBundle\EventSubscriber\LocaleSubscriber:
            arguments: ['%kernel.default_locale%']
            # redundant if you're using autoconfigure
            tags: [kernel.event_subscriber]
    
  • XML
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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <container xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services
            http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services/services-1.0.xsd">
    
        <services>
            <service id="AppBundle\EventSubscriber\LocaleSubscriber">
                <argument>%kernel.default_locale%</argument>
    
                <tag name="kernel.event_subscriber" />
            </service>
        </services>
    </container>
    
  • PHP
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    use AppBundle\EventSubscriber\LocaleSubscriber;
    
    $container->register(LocaleSubscriber::class)
        ->addArgument('%kernel.default_locale%')
        ->addTag('kernel.event_subscriber');
    

That's it! Now celebrate by changing the user's locale and seeing that it's sticky throughout the request.

Remember, to get the user's locale, always use the Request::getLocale method:

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// from a controller...
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;

public function indexAction(Request $request)
{
    $locale = $request->getLocale();
}

Setting the Locale Based on the User's Preferences

You might want to improve this technique even further and define the locale based on the user entity of the logged in user. However, since the LocaleSubscriber is called before the FirewallListener, which is responsible for handling authentication and setting the user token on the TokenStorage, you have no access to the user which is logged in.

Suppose you have a locale property on your User entity and want to use this as the locale for the given user. To accomplish this, you can hook into the login process and update the user's session with this locale value before they are redirected to their first page.

To do this, you need an event subscriber on the security.interactive_login event:

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// src/AppBundle/EventSubscriber/UserLocaleSubscriber.php
namespace AppBundle\EventSubscriber;

use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Session\SessionInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Http\Event\InteractiveLoginEvent;
use Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;

/**
 * Stores the locale of the user in the session after the
 * login. This can be used by the LocaleSubscriber afterwards.
 */
class UserLocaleSubscriber implements EventSubscriberInterface
{
    private $session;

    public function __construct(SessionInterface $session)
    {
        $this->session = $session;
    }

    /**
     * @param InteractiveLoginEvent $event
     */
    public function onInteractiveLogin(InteractiveLoginEvent $event)
    {
        $user = $event->getAuthenticationToken()->getUser();

        if (null !== $user->getLocale()) {
            $this->session->set('_locale', $user->getLocale());
        }
    }
}

If you're using the default services.yml configuration, you're done! Symfony will automatically know about the event subscriber will pass your the session service. Now, when you login, the user's locale will be set into the session.

Caution

In order to update the language immediately after a user has changed their language preferences, you also need to update the session when you change the User entity.


This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.