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How to match a route based on the Host

2.2 version
Unmaintained

How to match a route based on the Host

New in version 2.2: Host matching support was added in Symfony 2.2

You can also match on the HTTP host of the incoming request.

  • YAML
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    mobile_homepage:
        path:     /
        host:     m.example.com
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage }
    
    homepage:
        path:     /
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }
    
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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    
    <routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
            http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd"
    >
    
        <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="m.example.com">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
        </route>
    
        <route id="homepage" path="/">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
        </route>
    </routes>
    
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    use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
    use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
    
    $collection = new RouteCollection();
    $collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
    ), array(), array(), 'm.example.com'));
    
    $collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
    )));
    
    return $collection;
    

Both routes match the same path /, however the first one will match only if the host is m.example.com.

Using Placeholders

The host option uses the same syntax as the path matching system. This means you can use placeholders in your hostname:

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    projects_homepage:
        path:     /
        host:     "{project_name}.example.com"
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage }
    
    homepage:
        path:     /
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }
    
  • XML
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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    
    <routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
            http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd"
    >
    
        <route id="projects_homepage" path="/" host="{project_name}.example.com">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
        </route>
    
        <route id="homepage" path="/">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
        </route>
    </routes>
    
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    use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
    use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
    
    $collection = new RouteCollection();
    $collection->add('project_homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
    ), array(), array(), '{project_name}.example.com'));
    
    $collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
    )));
    
    return $collection;
    

You can also set requirements and default options for these placeholders. For instance, if you want to match both m.example.com and mobile.example.com, you use this:

  • YAML
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    mobile_homepage:
        path:     /
        host:     "{subdomain}.example.com"
        defaults:
            _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage
            subdomain: m
        requirements:
            subdomain: m|mobile
    
    homepage:
        path:     /
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }
    
  • XML
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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    
    <routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
            http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd"
    >
    
        <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="{subdomain}.example.com">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
            <default key="subdomain">m</default>
    
            <requirement key="subdomain">m|mobile</requirement>
        </route>
    
        <route id="homepage" path="/">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
        </route>
    </routes>
    
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    use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
    use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
    
    $collection = new RouteCollection();
    $collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
        'subdomain'   => 'm',
    ), array(
        'subdomain' => 'm|mobile',
    ), array(), '{subdomain}.example.com'));
    
    $collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
    )));
    
    return $collection;
    

Tip

Make sure you also include a default option for the subdomain placeholder, otherwise you need to include the subdomains value each time you generate the route.

You can also use service parameters if you do not want to hardcode the hostname:

  • YAML
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    mobile_homepage:
        path:     /
        host:     "m.{domain}"
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage }
        requirements:
            domain: "%domain%"
    
    homepage:
        path:  /
        defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }
    
  • XML
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    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    
    <routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
    
        <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="m.example.com">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
            <requirement key="domain">%domain%</requirement>
        </route>
    
        <route id="homepage" path="/">
            <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
        </route>
    </routes>
    
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    use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
    use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
    
    $collection = new RouteCollection();
    $collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
    ), array(
        'domain' => '%domain%',
    ), array(), 'm.{domain}'));
    
    $collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
        '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
    )));
    
    return $collection;
    

Using Host Matching of Imported Routes

You can also set the host option on imported routes:

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    # app/config/routing.yml
    acme_hello:
        resource: "@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.yml"
        host:     "hello.example.com"
    
  • XML
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    <!-- app/config/routing.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    
    <routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
    
        <import resource="@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.xml" host="hello.example.com" />
    </routes>
    
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    // app/config/routing.php
    use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
    
    $collection = new RouteCollection();
    $collection->addCollection($loader->import("@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.php"), '', array(), array(), array(), 'hello.example.com');
    
    return $collection;
    

The host hello.example.com will be set on each route loaded from the new routing resource.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.