LessThan

LessThan

Validates that a value is less than another value, defined in the options. To force that a value is less than or equal to another value, see LessThanOrEqual. To force a value is greater than another value, see GreaterThan.

Applies to property or method
Options
Class LessThan
Validator LessThanValidator

Basic Usage

The following constraints ensure that:

  • the number of siblings of a Person is less than 5
  • age is less than 80
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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
    
        /**
         * @Assert\LessThan(5)
         */
        protected $siblings;
    
        /**
         * @Assert\LessThan(
         *     value = 80
         * )
         */
        protected $age;
    }
    
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    # src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.yml
    AppBundle\Entity\Person:
        properties:
            siblings:
                - LessThan: 5
            age:
                - LessThan:
                    value: 80
    
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    <!-- src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <constraint-mapping xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping/constraint-mapping-1.0.xsd">
    
        <class name="AppBundle\Entity\Person">
            <property name="siblings">
                <constraint name="LessThan">
                    <value>5</value>
                </constraint>
            </property>
            <property name="age">
                <constraint name="LessThan">
                    <option name="value">80</option>
                </constraint>
            </property>
        </class>
    </constraint-mapping>
    
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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Mapping\ClassMetadata;
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        public static function loadValidatorMetadata(ClassMetadata $metadata)
        {
            $metadata->addPropertyConstraint('siblings', new Assert\LessThan(5));
    
            $metadata->addPropertyConstraint('age', new Assert\LessThan(array(
                'value' => 80,
            )));
        }
    }
    

Comparing Dates

This constraint can be used to compare DateTime objects against any date string accepted by the DateTime constructor. For example, you could check that a date must be in the past like this:

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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        /**
         * @Assert\LessThan("today")
         */
        protected $dateOfBirth;
    }
    
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    # src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.yml
    AppBundle\Entity\Person:
        properties:
            dateOfBirth:
                - LessThan: today
    
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    <!-- src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <constraint-mapping xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping/constraint-mapping-1.0.xsd">
    
        <class name="AppBundle\Entity\Person">
            <property name="dateOfBirth">
                <constraint name="LessThan">today</constraint>
            </property>
        </class>
    </constraint-mapping>
    
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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Mapping\ClassMetadata;
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        public static function loadValidatorMetadata(ClassMetadata $metadata)
        {
            $metadata->addPropertyConstraint('dateOfBirth', new Assert\LessThan('today'));
        }
    }
    

Be aware that PHP will use the server's configured timezone to interpret these dates. If you want to fix the timezone, append it to the date string:

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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        /**
         * @Assert\LessThan("today UTC")
         */
        protected $dateOfBirth;
    }
    
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    # src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.yml
    AppBundle\Entity\Person:
        properties:
            dateOfBirth:
                - LessThan: today UTC
    
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    <!-- src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <constraint-mapping xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping/constraint-mapping-1.0.xsd">
    
        <class name="AppBundle\Entity\Person">
            <property name="dateOfBirth">
                <constraint name="LessThan">today UTC</constraint>
            </property>
        </class>
    </constraint-mapping>
    
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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Mapping\ClassMetadata;
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        public static function loadValidatorMetadata(ClassMetadata $metadata)
        {
            $metadata->addPropertyConstraint('age', new Assert\LessThan('today UTC'));
        }
    }
    

The DateTime class also accepts relative dates or times. For example, you can check that a person must be at least 18 years old like this:

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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        /**
         * @Assert\LessThan("-18 years")
         */
        protected $dateOfBirth;
    }
    
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    # src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.yml
    AppBundle\Entity\Person:
        properties:
            dateOfBirth:
                - LessThan: -18 years
    
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    <!-- src/AppBundle/Resources/config/validation.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <constraint-mapping xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping http://symfony.com/schema/dic/constraint-mapping/constraint-mapping-1.0.xsd">
    
        <class name="AppBundle\Entity\Person">
            <property name="dateOfBirth">
                <constraint name="LessThan">-18 years</constraint>
            </property>
        </class>
    </constraint-mapping>
    
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    // src/AppBundle/Entity/Person.php
    namespace AppBundle\Entity;
    
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Mapping\ClassMetadata;
    use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints as Assert;
    
    class Person
    {
        public static function loadValidatorMetadata(ClassMetadata $metadata)
        {
            $metadata->addPropertyConstraint('dateOfBirth', new Assert\LessThan('-18 years'));
        }
    }
    

Options

value

type: mixed [default option]

This option is required. It defines the value to compare to. It can be a string, number or object.

message

type: string default: This value should be less than {{ compared_value }}.

This is the message that will be shown if the value is not less than the comparison value.

payload

type: mixed default: null

This option can be used to attach arbitrary domain-specific data to a constraint. The configured payload is not used by the Validator component, but its processing is completely up to you.

For example, you may want to use several error levels to present failed constraints differently in the front-end depending on the severity of the error.


This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.