CurrencyType Field

CurrencyType Field

The CurrencyType is a subset of the ChoiceType that allows the user to select from a large list of 3-letter ISO 4217 currencies.

Unlike the ChoiceType, you don't need to specify a choices option as the field type automatically uses a large list of currencies. You can specify the option manually, but then you should just use the ChoiceType directly.

Rendered as can be various tags (see Select Tag, Checkboxes or Radio Buttons)
Overridden options
Inherited options

from the ChoiceType

from the FormType type

Parent type ChoiceType
Class CurrencyType

Overridden Options

choices

default: Symfony\Component\Intl\Intl::getCurrencyBundle()->getCurrencyNames()

The choices option defaults to all currencies.

Caution

If you want to override the built-in choices of the currency type, you will also have to set the choice_loader option to null. Not doing so is deprecated since Symfony 3.3.

Inherited Options

These options inherit from the ChoiceType:

error_bubbling

type: boolean default: false unless the form is compound

If true, any errors for this field will be passed to the parent field or form. For example, if set to true on a normal field, any errors for that field will be attached to the main form, not to the specific field.

expanded

type: boolean default: false

If set to true, radio buttons or checkboxes will be rendered (depending on the multiple value). If false, a select element will be rendered.

multiple

type: boolean default: false

If true, the user will be able to select multiple options (as opposed to choosing just one option). Depending on the value of the expanded option, this will render either a select tag or checkboxes if true and a select tag or radio buttons if false. The returned value will be an array.

placeholder

type: string or boolean

This option determines whether or not a special "empty" option (e.g. "Choose an option") will appear at the top of a select widget. This option only applies if the multiple option is set to false.

  • Add an empty value with "Choose an option" as the text:

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    use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\ChoiceType;
    // ...
    
    $builder->add('states', ChoiceType::class, array(
        'placeholder' => 'Choose an option',
    ));
    
  • Guarantee that no "empty" value option is displayed:

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    use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\ChoiceType;
    // ...
    
    $builder->add('states', ChoiceType::class, array(
        'placeholder' => false,
    ));
    

If you leave the placeholder option unset, then a blank (with no text) option will automatically be added if and only if the required option is false:

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use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\ChoiceType;
// ...

// a blank (with no text) option will be added
$builder->add('states', ChoiceType::class, array(
    'required' => false,
));

preferred_choices

type: array, callable or string default: array()

This option allows you to move certain choices to the top of your list with a visual separator between them and the rest of the options. If you have a form of languages, you can list the most popular on top, like Bork Bork and Pirate:

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use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\ChoiceType;
// ...

$builder->add('language', ChoiceType::class, array(
    'choices' => array(
        'English' => 'en',
        'Spanish' => 'es',
        'Bork'   => 'muppets',
        'Pirate' => 'arr'
    ),
    'preferred_choices' => array('muppets', 'arr')
));

This options can also be a callback function to give you more flexibility. This might be especially useful if your values are objects:

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use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\ChoiceType;
// ...

$builder->add('publishAt', ChoiceType::class, array(
    'choices' => array(
        'now' => new \DateTime('now'),
        'tomorrow' => new \DateTime('+1 day'),
        '1 week' => new \DateTime('+1 week'),
        '1 month' => new \DateTime('+1 month')
    ),
    'preferred_choices' => function ($val, $key) {
        // prefer options within 3 days
        return $val <= new \DateTime('+3 days');
    },
));

This will "prefer" the "now" and "tomorrow" choices only:

../../../_images/choice-example3.png

Finally, if your values are objects, you can also specify a property path string on the object that will return true or false.

The preferred choices are only meaningful when rendering a select element (i.e. expanded false). The preferred choices and normal choices are separated visually by a set of dotted lines (i.e. -------------------). This can be customized when rendering the field:

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    {{ form_widget(form.publishAt, { 'separator': '=====' }) }}
    
  • PHP
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    <?php echo $view['form']->widget($form['publishAt'], array(
              'separator' => '====='
    )) ?>
    

These options inherit from the FormType:

data

type: mixed default: Defaults to field of the underlying structure.

When you create a form, each field initially displays the value of the corresponding property of the form's domain data (e.g. if you bind an object to the form). If you want to override this initial value for the form or an individual field, you can set it in the data option:

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use Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\HiddenType;
// ...

$builder->add('token', HiddenType::class, array(
    'data' => 'abcdef',
));

Caution

The data option always overrides the value taken from the domain data (object) when rendering. This means the object value is also overriden when the form edits an already persisted object, causing it to lose its persisted value when the form is submitted.

disabled

type: boolean default: false

If you don't want a user to modify the value of a field, you can set the disabled option to true. Any submitted value will be ignored.

empty_data

type: mixed

The actual default value of this option depends on other field options:

  • If multiple is false and expanded is false, then '' (empty string);
  • Otherwise array() (empty array).

This option determines what value the field will return when the submitted value is empty (or missing). It does not set an initial value if none is provided when the form is rendered in a view.

This means it helps you handling form submission with blank fields. For example, if you want the name field to be explicitly set to John Doe when no value is selected, you can do it like this:

$builder->add('name', null, array(
    'required'   => false,
    'empty_data' => 'John Doe',
));

This will still render an empty text box, but upon submission the John Doe value will be set. Use the data or placeholder options to show this initial value in the rendered form.

If a form is compound, you can set empty_data as an array, object or closure. See the How to Configure empty Data for a Form Class article for more details about these options.

Note

If you want to set the empty_data option for your entire form class, see the How to Configure empty Data for a Form Class article.

Caution

Form data transformers will still be applied to the empty_data value. This means that an empty string will be cast to null. Use a custom data transformer if you explicitly want to return the empty string.

label

type: string default: The label is "guessed" from the field name

Sets the label that will be used when rendering the field. Setting to false will suppress the label. The label can also be directly set inside the template:

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    {{ form_label(form.name, 'Your name') }}
    
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    echo $view['form']->label(
        $form['name'],
        'Your name'
    );
    

label_attr

type: array default: array()

Sets the HTML attributes for the <label> element, which will be used when rendering the label for the field. It's an associative array with HTML attribute as a key. This attributes can also be directly set inside the template:

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    {{ form_label(form.name, 'Your name', {
           'label_attr': {'class': 'CUSTOM_LABEL_CLASS'}
    }) }}
    
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    echo $view['form']->label(
        $form['name'],
        'Your name',
        array('label_attr' => array('class' => 'CUSTOM_LABEL_CLASS'))
    );
    

label_format

type: string default: null

Configures the string used as the label of the field, in case the label option was not set. This is useful when using keyword translation messages.

If you're using keyword translation messages as labels, you often end up having multiple keyword messages for the same label (e.g. profile_address_street, invoice_address_street). This is because the label is build for each "path" to a field. To avoid duplicated keyword messages, you can configure the label format to a static value, like:

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// ...
$profileFormBuilder->add('address', AddressType::class, array(
    'label_format' => 'form.address.%name%',
));

$invoiceFormBuilder->add('invoice', AddressType::class, array(
    'label_format' => 'form.address.%name%',
));

This option is inherited by the child types. With the code above, the label of the street field of both forms will use the form.address.street keyword message.

Two variables are available in the label format:

%id%
A unique identifier for the field, consisting of the complete path to the field and the field name (e.g. profile_address_street);
%name%
The field name (e.g. street).

The default value (null) results in a "humanized" version of the field name.

Note

The label_format option is evaluated in the form theme. Make sure to update your templates in case you customized form theming.

mapped

type: boolean default: true

If you wish the field to be ignored when reading or writing to the object, you can set the mapped option to false.

required

type: boolean default: true

If true, an HTML5 required attribute will be rendered. The corresponding label will also render with a required class.

This is superficial and independent from validation. At best, if you let Symfony guess your field type, then the value of this option will be guessed from your validation information.

Note

The required option also affects how empty data for each field is handled. For more details, see the empty_data option.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.