How to Create and Enable Custom User Checkers

3.3 version
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How to Create and Enable Custom User Checkers

During the authentication of a user, additional checks might be required to verify if the identified user is allowed to log in. By defining a custom user checker, you can define per firewall which checker should be used.

Creating a Custom User Checker

User checkers are classes that must implement the UserCheckerInterface. This interface defines two methods called checkPreAuth() and checkPostAuth() to perform checks before and after user authentication. If one or more conditions are not met, an exception should be thrown which extends the AccountStatusException.

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namespace AppBundle\Security;

use AppBundle\Exception\AccountDeletedException;
use AppBundle\Security\User as AppUser;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\Exception\AccountExpiredException;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\UserCheckerInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\User\UserInterface;

class UserChecker implements UserCheckerInterface
{
    public function checkPreAuth(UserInterface $user)
    {
        if (!$user instanceof AppUser) {
            return;
        }

        // user is deleted, show a generic Account Not Found message.
        if ($user->isDeleted()) {
            throw new AccountDeletedException('...');
        }
    }

    public function checkPostAuth(UserInterface $user)
    {
        if (!$user instanceof AppUser) {
            return;
        }

        // user account is expired, the user may be notified
        if ($user->isExpired()) {
            throw new AccountExpiredException('...');
        }
    }
}

Enabling the Custom User Checker

Next, make sure your user checker is registered as a service. If you're using the default services.yml configuration, the service is registered automatically.

All that's left to do is add the checker to the desired firewall where the value is the service id of your user checker:

  • YAML
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    # app/config/security.yml
    
    # ...
    security:
        firewalls:
            main:
                pattern: ^/
                user_checker: AppBundle\Security\UserChecker
                # ...
    
  • XML
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    <!-- app/config/security.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <srv:container xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/security"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:srv="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services
            http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services/services-1.0.xsd">
    
        <config>
            <!-- ... -->
            <firewall name="main" pattern="^/">
                <user-checker>AppBundle\Security\UserChecker</user-checker>
                <!-- ... -->
            </firewall>
        </config>
    </srv:container>
    
  • PHP
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    // app/config/security.php
    
    // ...
    use AppBundle\Security\UserChecker;
    
    $container->loadFromExtension('security', array(
        'firewalls' => array(
            'main' => array(
                'pattern' => '^/',
                'user_checker' => UserChecker::class,
                // ...
            ),
        ),
    ));
    

Tip

It's also possible to have a different user checker for each firewall. Use the user_checker option under each firewall to choose the one you want.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.