You are browsing the Symfony 4 documentation, which changes significantly from Symfony 3.x. If your app doesn't use Symfony 4 yet, browse the Symfony 3.4 documentation.

The Validator Component

4.2 version

The Validator Component

The Validator component provides tools to validate values following the JSR-303 Bean Validation specification.

Installation

1
$ composer require symfony/validator

Alternatively, you can clone the https://github.com/symfony/validator repository.

Note

If you install this component outside of a Symfony application, you must require the vendor/autoload.php file in your code to enable the class autoloading mechanism provided by Composer. Read this article for more details.

Usage

This article explains how to use the Validator features as an independent component in any PHP application. Read the Validation article to learn about how to validate data and entities in Symfony applications.

The Validator component behavior is based on two concepts:

  • Constraints, which define the rules to be validated;
  • Validators, which are the classes that contain the actual validation logic.

The following example shows how to validate that a string is at least 10 characters long:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Validation;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Length;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\NotBlank;

$validator = Validation::createValidator();
$violations = $validator->validate('Bernhard', array(
    new Length(array('min' => 10)),
    new NotBlank(),
));

if (0 !== count($violations)) {
    // there are errors, now you can show them
    foreach ($violations as $violation) {
        echo $violation->getMessage().'<br>';
    }
}

The validator returns the list of violations.

Retrieving a Validator Instance

The Validator class is the main access point of the Validator component. To create a new instance of this class, it's recommended to use the Validation class:

use Symfony\Component\Validator\Validation;

$validator = Validation::createValidator();

This $validator object can validate simple variables such as strings, numbers and arrays, but it can't validate objects. To do so, configure the Validator class as explained in the next sections.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.