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The Workflow Component

3.4 version
Maintained Unmaintained
3.2

The Workflow Component

The Workflow component provides tools for managing a workflow or finite state machine.

New in version 3.2: The Workflow component was introduced in Symfony 3.2.

Installation

You can install the component in 2 different ways:

Then, require the vendor/autoload.php file to enable the autoloading mechanism provided by Composer. Otherwise, your application won't be able to find the classes of this Symfony component.

Creating a Workflow

The workflow component gives you an object oriented way to define a process or a life cycle that your object goes through. Each step or stage in the process is called a place. You do also define transitions that describe the action to get from one place to another.

../_images/states_transitions.png

A set of places and transitions creates a definition. A workflow needs a Definition and a way to write the states to the objects (i.e. an instance of a MarkingStoreInterface).

Consider the following example for a blog post. A post can have one of a number of predefined statuses (draft, review, rejected, published). In a workflow, these statuses are called places. You can define the workflow like this:

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use Symfony\Component\Workflow\DefinitionBuilder;
use Symfony\Component\Workflow\Transition;
use Symfony\Component\Workflow\Workflow;
use Symfony\Component\Workflow\MarkingStore\SingleStateMarkingStore;

$definitionBuilder = new DefinitionBuilder();
$definition = $definitionBuilder->addPlaces(['draft', 'review', 'rejected', 'published'])
    // Transitions are defined with a unique name, an origin place and a destination place
    ->addTransition(new Transition('to_review', 'draft', 'review'))
    ->addTransition(new Transition('publish', 'review', 'published'))
    ->addTransition(new Transition('reject', 'review', 'rejected'))
    ->build()
;

$marking = new SingleStateMarkingStore('currentState');
$workflow = new Workflow($definition, $marking);

New in version 3.3: The fluent interface for the DefinitionBuilder class was introduced in Symfony 3.3. Before you had to call the addPlaces(), addTransition() and build() methods separately.

The Workflow can now help you to decide what actions are allowed on a blog post depending on what place it is in. This will keep your domain logic in one place and not spread all over your application.

When you define multiple workflows you should consider using a Registry, which is an object that stores and provides access to different workflows. A registry will also help you to decide if a workflow supports the object you are trying to use it with:

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use Symfony\Component\Workflow\Registry;
use Acme\Entity\BlogPost;
use Acme\Entity\Newsletter;

$blogWorkflow = ...
$newsletterWorkflow = ...

$registry = new Registry();
$registry->add($blogWorkflow, BlogPost::class);
$registry->add($newsletterWorkflow, Newsletter::class);

Usage

When you have configured a Registry with your workflows, you may use it as follows:

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// ...
$post = new BlogPost();
$workflow = $registry->get($post);

$workflow->can($post, 'publish'); // False
$workflow->can($post, 'to_review'); // True

$workflow->apply($post, 'to_review');
$workflow->can($post, 'publish'); // True
$workflow->getEnabledTransitions($post); // ['publish', 'reject']

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.