Installing & Setting up the Symfony Framework
Installing & Setting up the Symfony Framework¶
Do you prefer video tutorials? Check out the Stellar Development with Symfony screencast series.
To create your new Symfony application, first make sure you’re using PHP 7.1 or higher and have Composer installed. If you don’t, start by installing Composer globally on your system. If you want to use a virtual machine (VM), check out Homestead.
Create your new project by running:
$ composer create-project symfony/website-skeleton my-project
This will create a new
my-project directory, download some dependencies into
it and even generate the basic directories and files you’ll need to get started.
In other words, your new app is ready!
website-skeleton is optimized for traditional web applications. If
you are building microservices, console applications or APIs, consider
using the much simpler
$ composer create-project symfony/skeleton my-project
Running your Symfony Application¶
First, move into your new project and install the server:
$ cd my-project $ composer require symfony/web-server-bundle --dev
To start the server, run:
$ php bin/console server:run
Open your browser and navigate to
http://localhost:8000/. If everything is working,
you’ll see a welcome page. Later, when you are finished working, stop the server
Ctrl+C from your terminal.
If you’re having any problems running Symfony, your system may be missing some technical requirements. Use the Symfony Requirements Checker tool to make sure your system is set up.
If you’re using a VM, you may need to tell the server to bind to all IP addresses:
$ php bin/console server:start 0.0.0.0:8000
You should NEVER listen to all interfaces on a computer that is directly accessible from the Internet.
Storing your Project in git¶
Storing your project in services like GitHub, GitLab and Bitbucket is easy! Init
a new repository with
Git and you are ready to push to your remote:
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$ git init $ git add . $ git commit -m "Initial commit"
Your project already has a sensible
.gitignore file. And as you install more
packages, a system called Flex will add more lines to
that file when needed.
Setting up an Existing Symfony Project¶
If you’re working on an existing Symfony application, you’ll just need to do a few things to get your project setup. Assuming your team uses Git, you can setup your project with the following commands:
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# clone the project to download its contents $ cd projects/ $ git clone ... # make Composer install the project's dependencies into vendor/ $ cd my-project/ $ composer install
You’ll probably also need to customize your .env and do a few other project-specific tasks (e.g. creating database schema).
Checking for Security Vulnerabilities¶
Symfony provides a utility called the “Security Checker” to check whether your project’s dependencies contain any known security vulnerability. Run this command to install it in your application:
$ cd my-project/ $ composer require sensiolabs/security-checker --dev
From now on, this utility will be run automatically whenever you install or update any dependency in the application. If a dependency contains a vulnerability, you’ll see a clear message.
The Symfony Demo application¶
The Symfony Demo Application is a fully-functional application that shows the recommended way to develop Symfony applications. It’s a great learning tool for Symfony newcomers and its code contains tons of comments and helpful notes.
To check out its code and install it locally, see symfony/symfony-demo.
Go Deeper with Setup¶
- Using Symfony with Homestead/Vagrant
- How to Use PHP’s built-in Web Server
- Configuring a Web Server
- Installing Composer
- Upgrading a Third-Party Bundle for a Major Symfony Version
- Setting up or Fixing File Permissions
- Using Symfony Flex to Manage Symfony Applications
- How to Install or Upgrade to the Latest, Unreleased Symfony Version
- Upgrading a Major Version (e.g. 3.4.0 to 4.0.0)
- Upgrading a Minor Version (e.g. 4.0.0 to 4.1.0)
- Upgrading a Patch Version (e.g. 4.1.0 to 4.1.1)
This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.