How to Use PHP's built-in Web ServerEdit this page
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This article explains how to use the web server based on the WebServerBundle. This is no longer recommended in new Symfony applications. Instead, use the Symfony Local Web Server.
The PHP CLI SAPI comes with a built-in web server. It can be used to run your PHP applications locally during development, for testing or for application demonstrations. This way, you don't have to bother configuring a full-featured web server such as Apache or nginx.
The built-in web server is meant to be run in a controlled environment. It is not designed to be used on public networks.
Symfony provides a web server built on top of this PHP server to simplify your local setup. This server is distributed as a bundle, so you must first install and enable the server bundle.
Move into your project directory and run this command:
$ cd your-project/ $ composer require --dev symfony/web-server-bundle
To run a Symfony application using PHP's built-in web server, execute the
$ php bin/console server:start
This starts the web server at
localhost:8000 in the background that serves
your Symfony application.
By default, the web server listens on port 8000 on the loopback device. You can change the socket passing an IP address and a port as a command-line argument:
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# passing a specific IP and port $ php bin/console server:start 192.168.0.1:8080 # passing '*' as the IP means to use 0.0.0.0 (i.e. any local IP address) $ php bin/console server:start *:8080
You can use the
server:status command to check if a web server is
$ php bin/console server:status
Some systems do not support the
server:start command, in these cases
you can execute the
server:run command. This command behaves slightly
different. Instead of starting the server in the background, it will block
the current terminal until you terminate it (this is usually done by
pressing Ctrl and C).
Using the built-in Web Server from inside a Virtual Machine
If you want to use the built-in web server from inside a virtual machine
and then load the site from a browser on your host machine, you'll need
to listen on the
0.0.0.0:8000 address (i.e. on all IP addresses that
are assigned to the virtual machine):
$ php bin/console server:start 0.0.0.0:8000
You should NEVER listen to all interfaces on a computer that is directly accessible from the Internet. The built-in web server is not designed to be used on public networks.
The built-in web server expects a "router" script (read about the "router"
script on php.net) as an argument. Symfony already passes such a router
script when the command is executed in the
--router option to use your own router script:
$ php bin/console server:start --router=config/my_router.php
If your application's document root differs from the standard directory layout,
you have to pass the correct location using the
$ php bin/console server:start --docroot=public_html
When you finish your work, you can stop the web server with the following command:
$ php bin/console server:stop