New in Symfony 4.2: Autowiring by type and name
Warning: This post is about an unsupported Symfony version. Some of this information may be out of date. Read the most recent Symfony Docs.
In modern Symfony applications, thanks to service autowiring and service autoconfiguration, there's no need to configure most (or any) of your services. However, in some edge-cases you may need to tell Symfony which exact service should be injected into other services.
This is solved with local binding which allows to bind services by type or name. For example, if you use YAML to configure services:
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# config/services.yaml services: _defaults: bind: # pass this value to any $adminEmail argument for any service # that's defined in this file (including controller arguments) $adminEmail: 'email@example.com' # pass this service for any LoggerInterface type-hint for any # service that's defined in this file Psr\Log\LoggerInterface: '@monolog.logger.request'
In Symfony 4.2 we've improved this feature to allow binding services by type and name at the same time. This new feature allows a more precise binding because it only applies when both the argument type and the argument name match.
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# config/services.yaml services: _defaults: bind: # it works with scalar types too (string, int, array, etc.) string $adminEmail: 'firstname.lastname@example.org' # but it's mostly used with classes Psr\Log\LoggerInterface $requestLogger: '@monolog.logger.request'
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