Configuration Reference

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Configuration Reference

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doctrine:
    dbal:
        default_connection:           default

        # A collection of custom types
        types:
            # example
            some_custom_type:
                class:                Acme\HelloBundle\MyCustomType

        connections:
            # A collection of different named connections (e.g. default, conn2, etc)
            default:
                dbname:               ~
                host:                 localhost
                port:                 ~
                user:                 root
                password:             ~

                # RDBMS specific; Refer to the manual of your RDBMS for more information
                charset:              ~

                dbname_suffix:        ~

                # SQLite specific
                path:                 ~

                # SQLite specific
                memory:               ~

                # MySQL specific. The unix socket to use for MySQL
                unix_socket:          ~

                # IBM DB2 specific. True to use as persistent connection for the ibm_db2 driver
                persistent:           ~

                # IBM DB2 specific. The protocol to use for the ibm_db2 driver (default to TCPIP if omitted)
                protocol:             ~

                # Oracle specific. True to use SERVICE_NAME as connection parameter instead of SID for Oracle
                service:              ~

                # Oracle specific. Overrules dbname parameter if given and used as SERVICE_NAME or SID connection
                # parameter for Oracle depending on the service parameter.
                servicename:          ~

                # oci8 driver specific. The session mode to use for the oci8 driver.
                sessionMode:          ~

                # SQL Anywhere specific (ServerName). The name of a running database server to connect to for SQL Anywhere.
                server:               ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (default_dbname).
                # Override the default database (postgres) to connect to.
                default_dbname:       ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLMODE).
                # Determines whether or with what priority a SSL TCP/IP connection will be negotiated with the server for PostgreSQL.
                sslmode:              ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLROOTCERT).
                # The name of a file containing SSL certificate authority (CA) certificate(s).
                # If the file exists, the server's certificate will be verified to be signed by one of these authorities.
                sslrootcert:          ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCERT).
                # The name of a file containing the client SSL certificate.
                sslcert:              ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLKEY).
                # The name of a file containing the private key for the client SSL certificate.
                sslkey:               ~

                # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCRL).
                # The name of a file containing the SSL certificate revocation list (CRL).
                sslcrl:               ~

                # Oracle specific (SERVER=POOLED). True to use a pooled server with the oci8/pdo_oracle driver
                pooled:               ~

                # pdo_sqlsrv driver specific. Configuring MultipleActiveResultSets for the pdo_sqlsrv driver
                MultipleActiveResultSets:  ~

                # Enable savepoints for nested transactions
                use_savepoints: true

                driver:               pdo_mysql
                platform_service:     ~
                auto_commit:          ~

                # If set to "/^sf2_/" all tables, and any named objects such as sequences
                # not prefixed with "sf2_" will be ignored by the schema tool.
                # This is for custom tables which should not be altered automatically.
                schema_filter:        ~

                # When true, queries are logged to a "doctrine" monolog channel
                logging:              "%kernel.debug%"

                profiling:            "%kernel.debug%"
                # When true, profiling also collects a backtrace for each query
                profiling_collect_backtrace: false
                # When true, profiling also collects schema errors for each query
                profiling_collect_schema_errors: true

                server_version:       ~
                driver_class:         ~
                # Allows to specify a custom wrapper implementation to use.
                # Must be a subclass of Doctrine\DBAL\Connection
                wrapper_class:        ~
                shard_choser:         ~
                shard_choser_service: ~
                keep_replica:           ~

                # An array of options
                options:
                    # example
                    # key:                  value

                # An array of mapping types
                mapping_types:
                    # example
                    # enum:                 string

                default_table_options:
                    # Affects schema-tool. If absent, DBAL chooses defaults
                    # based on the platform. Examples here are for MySQL.
                    # charset:      utf8mb4
                    # collate:      utf8mb4_unicode_ci # When using doctrine/dbal 2.x
                    # collation:    utf8mb4_unicode_ci # When using doctrine/dbal 3.x
                    # engine:       InnoDB

                replicas:
                    # A collection of named replica connections (e.g. replica1, replica2)
                    replica1:
                        dbname:               ~
                        host:                 localhost
                        port:                 ~
                        user:                 root
                        password:             ~
                        charset:              ~
                        dbname_suffix:        ~
                        path:                 ~
                        memory:               ~

                        # MySQL specific. The unix socket to use for MySQL
                        unix_socket:          ~

                        # IBM DB2 specific. True to use as persistent connection for the ibm_db2 driver
                        persistent:           ~

                        # IBM DB2 specific. The protocol to use for the ibm_db2 driver (default to TCPIP if omitted)
                        protocol:             ~

                        # Oracle specific. True to use SERVICE_NAME as connection parameter instead of SID for Oracle
                        service:              ~

                        # Oracle specific. Overrules dbname parameter if given and used as SERVICE_NAME or SID connection
                        # parameter for Oracle depending on the service parameter.
                        servicename:          ~

                        # oci8 driver specific. The session mode to use for the oci8 driver.
                        sessionMode:          ~

                        # SQL Anywhere specific (ServerName). The name of a running database server to connect to for SQL Anywhere.
                        server:               ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (default_dbname).
                        # Override the default database (postgres) to connect to.
                        default_dbname:       ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLMODE).
                        # Determines whether or with what priority a SSL TCP/IP connection will be negotiated with the server for PostgreSQL.
                        sslmode:              ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLROOTCERT).
                        # The name of a file containing SSL certificate authority (CA) certificate(s).
                        # If the file exists, the server's certificate will be verified to be signed by one of these authorities.
                        sslrootcert:          ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCERT).
                        # The name of a file containing the client SSL certificate.
                        sslcert:              ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLKEY).
                        # The name of a file containing the private key for the client SSL certificate.
                        sslkey:               ~

                        # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCRL).
                        # The name of a file containing the SSL certificate revocation list (CRL).
                        sslcrl:               ~

                        # Oracle specific (SERVER=POOLED). True to use a pooled server with the oci8/pdo_oracle driver
                        pooled:               ~

                        # pdo_sqlsrv driver specific. Configuring MultipleActiveResultSets for the pdo_sqlsrv driver
                        MultipleActiveResultSets:  ~

                shards:
                    id:                   ~ # Required
                    dbname:               ~
                    host:                 localhost
                    port:                 ~
                    user:                 root
                    password:             ~
                    charset:              ~
                    path:                 ~
                    memory:               ~

                    # MySQL specific. The unix socket to use for MySQL
                    unix_socket:          ~

                    # IBM DB2 specific. True to use as persistent connection for the ibm_db2 driver
                    persistent:           ~

                    # IBM DB2 specific. The protocol to use for the ibm_db2 driver (default to TCPIP if omitted)
                    protocol:             ~

                    # Oracle specific. True to use SERVICE_NAME as connection parameter instead of SID for Oracle
                    service:              ~

                    # Oracle specific. Overrules dbname parameter if given and used as SERVICE_NAME or SID connection
                    # parameter for Oracle depending on the service parameter.
                    servicename:          ~

                    # oci8 driver specific. The session mode to use for the oci8 driver.
                    sessionMode:          ~

                    # SQL Anywhere specific (ServerName). The name of a running database server to connect to for SQL Anywhere.
                    server:               ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (default_dbname).
                    # Override the default database (postgres) to connect to.
                    default_dbname:       ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLMODE).
                    # Determines whether or with what priority a SSL TCP/IP connection will be negotiated with the server for PostgreSQL.
                    sslmode:              ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLROOTCERT).
                    # The name of a file containing SSL certificate authority (CA) certificate(s).
                    # If the file exists, the server's certificate will be verified to be signed by one of these authorities.
                    sslrootcert:          ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCERT).
                    # The name of a file containing the client SSL certificate.
                    sslcert:              ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLKEY).
                    # The name of a file containing the private key for the client SSL certificate.
                    sslkey:               ~

                    # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCRL).
                    # The name of a file containing the SSL certificate revocation list (CRL).
                    sslcrl:               ~

                    # Oracle specific (SERVER=POOLED). True to use a pooled server with the oci8/pdo_oracle driver
                    pooled:               ~

                    # pdo_sqlsrv driver specific. Configuring MultipleActiveResultSets for the pdo_sqlsrv driver
                    MultipleActiveResultSets:  ~

    orm:
        default_entity_manager: ~ # The first defined is used if not set

        # Auto generate mode possible values are: "NEVER", "ALWAYS", "FILE_NOT_EXISTS", "EVAL", "FILE_NOT_EXISTS_OR_CHANGED"
        auto_generate_proxy_classes:  false
        proxy_dir:                    "%kernel.cache_dir%/doctrine/orm/Proxies"
        proxy_namespace:              Proxies

        entity_managers:

            # A collection of different named entity managers (e.g. some_em, another_em)
            some_em:
                query_cache_driver:
                    type: ~
                    id:   ~
                    pool: ~
                metadata_cache_driver:
                    type: ~
                    id:   ~
                    pool: ~
                result_cache_driver:
                    type: ~
                    id:   ~
                    pool: ~
                entity_listeners:
                    entities:

                        # example
                        Acme\HelloBundle\Entity\Author:
                            listeners:

                                # example
                                Acme\HelloBundle\EventListener\ExampleListener:
                                    events:
                                        type:                 preUpdate
                                        method:               preUpdate

                # The name of a DBAL connection (the one marked as default is used if not set)
                connection:           ~
                class_metadata_factory_name:  Doctrine\ORM\Mapping\ClassMetadataFactory
                default_repository_class:     Doctrine\ORM\EntityRepository
                auto_mapping:                 false
                naming_strategy:              doctrine.orm.naming_strategy.default
                quote_strategy:               doctrine.orm.quote_strategy.default
                entity_listener_resolver:     ~
                repository_factory:           ~
                second_level_cache:
                    region_cache_driver:
                        type: ~
                        id:   ~
                        pool: ~
                    region_lock_lifetime: 60
                    log_enabled:          true
                    region_lifetime:      0
                    enabled:              true
                    factory:              ~
                    regions:

                        # Prototype
                        name:
                            cache_driver:
                                type: ~
                                id:   ~
                                pool: ~
                            lock_path:            '%kernel.cache_dir%/doctrine/orm/slc/filelock'
                            lock_lifetime:        60
                            type:                 default
                            lifetime:             0
                            service:              ~
                            name:                 ~
                    loggers:

                        # Prototype
                        name:
                            name:                 ~
                            service:              ~

                # An array of hydrator names
                hydrators:

                    # example
                    ListHydrator: Acme\HelloBundle\Hydrators\ListHydrator

                mappings:
                    # An array of mappings, which may be a bundle name or something else
                    mapping_name:
                        mapping:              true
                        type:                 ~
                        dir:                  ~
                        alias:                ~
                        prefix:               ~
                        is_bundle:            ~

                dql:
                    # A collection of string functions
                    string_functions:

                        # example
                        # test_string: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\StringFunction

                    # A collection of numeric functions
                    numeric_functions:

                        # example
                        # test_numeric: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\NumericFunction

                    # A collection of datetime functions
                    datetime_functions:

                        # example
                        # test_datetime: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\DatetimeFunction

                # Register SQL Filters in the entity manager
                filters:

                    # An array of filters
                    some_filter:
                        class:                Acme\HelloBundle\Filter\SomeFilter # Required
                        enabled:              false

                        # An array of parameters
                        parameters:

                            # example
                            foo_param:              bar_value

                schema_ignore_classes:
                    - Acme\AppBundle\Entity\Order
                    - Acme\AppBundle\Entity\PhoneNumber

        # Search for the "ResolveTargetEntityListener" class for a cookbook about this
        resolve_target_entities:

            # Prototype
            Acme\InvoiceBundle\Model\InvoiceSubjectInterface: Acme\AppBundle\Entity\Customer

Configuration Overview

This following configuration example shows all the configuration defaults that the ORM resolves to:

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doctrine:
    orm:
        auto_mapping: true
        # the standard distribution overrides this to be true in debug, false otherwise
        auto_generate_proxy_classes: false
        proxy_namespace: Proxies
        proxy_dir: "%kernel.cache_dir%/doctrine/orm/Proxies"
        default_entity_manager: default
        metadata_cache_driver: ~
        query_cache_driver: ~
        result_cache_driver: ~

There are lots of other configuration options that you can use to overwrite certain classes, but those are for very advanced use-cases only.

Oracle DB

If the environment format configured in oracle does not meet doctrine requirements, you need to use the OracleSessionInit listener so that doctrine is aware of the format used by Oracle DB.

You can do so easily with

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services:
    oracle.listener:
        class: Doctrine\DBAL\Event\Listeners\OracleSessionInit
        tags:
            - { name: doctrine.event_listener, event: postConnect }

The environment variables that doctrine is going to change in the Oracle DB session are:

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NLS_TIME_FORMAT="HH24:MI:SS"
NLS_DATE_FORMAT="YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS"
NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT="YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS"
NLS_TIMESTAMP_TZ_FORMAT="YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS TZH:TZM"

Caching Drivers

You can use a Symfony Cache pool by using the pool type and creating a cache pool through the FrameworkBundle configuration. The service type lets you define the ID of your own caching service.

The following example shows an overview of the caching configurations:

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doctrine:
    orm:
        auto_mapping: true
        # With no cache set, this defaults to a sane 'pool' configuration
        metadata_cache_driver: ~
        # the 'pool' type requires to define the 'pool' option and configure a cache pool using the FrameworkBundle
        result_cache_driver:
            type: pool
            pool: doctrine.result_cache_pool
        # the 'service' type requires to define the 'id' option too
        query_cache_driver:
            type: service
            id: App\ORM\MyCacheService

framework:
    cache:
        pools:
            doctrine.result_cache_pool:
                adapter: cache.app

Mapping Configuration

Explicit definition of all the mapped entities is the only necessary configuration for the ORM and there are several configuration options that you can control. The following configuration options exist for a mapping:

type
One of annotation, xml, yml, php or staticphp. This specifies which type of metadata type your mapping uses.
dir
Path to the mapping or entity files (depending on the driver). If this path is relative it is assumed to be relative to the bundle root. This only works if the name of your mapping is a bundle name. If you want to use this option to specify absolute paths you should prefix the path with the kernel parameters that exist in the DIC (for example %kernel.root_dir%).
prefix
A common namespace prefix that all entities of this mapping share. This prefix should never conflict with prefixes of other defined mappings otherwise some of your entities cannot be found by Doctrine. This option defaults to the bundle namespace + Entity, for example for an application bundle called AcmeHelloBundle prefix would be Acme\HelloBundle\Entity.
alias
Doctrine offers a way to alias entity namespaces to simpler, shorter names to be used in DQL queries or for Repository access. When using a bundle the alias defaults to the bundle name.
is_bundle
This option is a derived value from dir and by default is set to true if dir is relative proved by a file_exists() check that returns false. It is false if the existence check returns true. In this case an absolute path was specified and the metadata files are most likely in a directory outside of a bundle.
.. index::
single: Configuration; Doctrine DBAL single: Doctrine; DBAL configuration

Filters Configuration

You can easily define doctrine filters in your configuration file:

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doctrine:
    orm:
        filters:
            myFilter:
                class: MyVendor\MyBundle\Filters\MyFilter
                enabled: true
                parameters:
                    myParameter: myValue
                    mySecondParameter: mySecondValue
myFilter
Filter identifier (Required)
class
Filter target class (Required)
enabled
Enable/Disable the filter by default (Optional - Default disabled)
parameters:
Set default parameters (Optional)
myParameter: myValue
Bind the value myValue to the parameter myParameter (Optional)

Autowiring multiple Entity Managers

You can autowire different entity managers by type-hinting your service arguments with the following syntax: Doctrine\ORM\EntityManagerInterface $<entity manager>EntityManager. For example, to inject a purchase_logs entity manager use this:

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-     public function __construct(EntityManagerInterface $entityManager)
+     public function __construct(EntityManagerInterface $purchaseLogsEntityManager)
    {
        $this->entityManager = $purchaseLogsEntityManager;
    }

Doctrine DBAL Configuration

Note

DoctrineBundle supports all parameters that default Doctrine drivers accept, converted to the XML or YAML naming standards that Symfony enforces. See the Doctrine DBAL documentation for more information.

Note

When specifying a url parameter, any information extracted from that URL will override explicitly set parameters unless override_url is set to true. An example database URL would be mysql://snoopy:redbaron@localhost/baseball, and any explicitly set driver, user, password and dbname parameter would be overridden by this URL. See the Doctrine DBAL documentation for more information.

Besides default Doctrine options, there are some Symfony-related ones that you can configure. The following block shows all possible configuration keys:

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doctrine:
    dbal:
        url:                      mysql://user:secret@localhost:1234/otherdatabase # this would override the values below
        dbname:                   database
        host:                     localhost
        port:                     1234
        user:                     user
        password:                 secret
        dbname_suffix:            _test
        driver:                   pdo_mysql
        driver_class:             MyNamespace\MyDriverImpl
        options:
            foo: bar
        path:                     "%kernel.project_dir%/var/data.db" # SQLite specific
        memory:                   true                               # SQLite specific
        unix_socket:              /tmp/mysql.sock
        persistent:               true
        MultipleActiveResultSets: true                # pdo_sqlsrv driver specific
        pooled:                   true                # Oracle specific (SERVER=POOLED)
        protocol:                 TCPIP               # IBM DB2 specific (PROTOCOL)
        server:                   my_database_server  # SQL Anywhere specific (ServerName)
        service:                  true                # Oracle specific (SERVICE_NAME instead of SID)
        servicename:              MyOracleServiceName # Oracle specific (SERVICE_NAME)
        sessionMode:              2                   # oci8 driver specific (session_mode)
        default_dbname:           database            # PostgreSQL specific (default_dbname)
        sslmode:                  require             # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLMODE)
        sslrootcert:              postgresql-ca.pem   # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLROOTCERT)
        sslcert:                  postgresql-cert.pem # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCERT)
        sslkey:                   postgresql-key.pem  # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLKEY)
        sslcrl:                   postgresql.crl      # PostgreSQL specific (LIBPQ-CONNECT-SSLCRL)
        wrapper_class:            MyDoctrineDbalConnectionWrapper
        charset:                  ~                   # RDBMS-specific. Refer to the manual of your RDBMS for more information.
        logging:                  "%kernel.debug%"
        platform_service:         MyOwnDatabasePlatformService
        auto_commit:              false
        schema_filter:            ^sf2_
        mapping_types:
            enum: string
        types:
            custom: Acme\HelloBundle\MyCustomType
        default_table_options:
            # Affects schema-tool. If absent, DBAL chooses defaults
            # based on the platform. These defaults might be
            # sub-optimal for backward compatibility reasons.
            charset:              utf8mb4
            collate:              utf8mb4_unicode_ci # when using doctrine/dbal 2.x
            collation:            utf8mb4_unicode_ci # when using doctrine/dbal 3.x
            engine:               InnoDB

If you want to configure multiple connections in YAML, put them under the connections key and give them a unique name:

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doctrine:
    dbal:
        default_connection:       default
        connections:
            default:
                dbname:           Symfony2
                user:             root
                password:         null
                host:             localhost
            customer:
                dbname:           customer
                user:             root
                password:         null
                host:             localhost

The database_connection service always refers to the default connection, which is the first one defined or the one configured via the default_connection parameter.

Each connection is also accessible via the doctrine.dbal.[name]_connection service where [name] is the name of the connection.

Autowiring multiple Connections

You can autowire different connections by type-hinting your service arguments with the following syntax: Doctrine\DBAL\Connection $<connection name>Connection. For example, to inject a connection with the name purchase_logs use this:

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-     public function __construct(Connection $connection)
+     public function __construct(Connection $purchaseLogsConnection)
    {
        $this->connection = $purchaseLogsConnection;
    }
This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.