Backup Codes

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Backup Codes

Prerequisites

To make use of this feature, you have to install scheb/2fa-backup-code.

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composer require scheb/2fa-backup-code

What it does

Backup codes are one-time authentication codes, which can be used instead of the actual codes. They're meant as emergency codes, when the authentication device is not available, and you have to pass the two-factor authentication process.

Enable the feature in the configuration:

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# config/packages/scheb_2fa.yaml
scheb_two_factor:
    backup_codes:
        enabled: true  # If the backup code feature should be enabled

Backup codes have to be provided from the user object. The user entity has to implement Scheb\TwoFactorBundle\Model\BackupCodeInterface. Here's an example:

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<?php

namespace Acme\Demo\Entity;

use Doctrine\ORM\Mapping as ORM;
use Scheb\TwoFactorBundle\Model\BackupCodeInterface;

class User implements BackupCodeInterface
{
    /**
     * @ORM\Column(type="json")
     */
    private array $backupCodes = [];

    // [...]

    /**
     * Check if it is a valid backup code.
     */
    public function isBackupCode(string $code): bool
    {
        return in_array($code, $this->backupCodes);
    }

    /**
     * Invalidate a backup code
     */
    public function invalidateBackupCode(string $code): void
    {
        $key = array_search($code, $this->backupCodes);
        if ($key !== false){
            unset($this->backupCodes[$key]);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Add a backup code
     */
    public function addBackUpCode(string $backUpCode): void
    {
        if (!in_array($backUpCode, $this->backupCodes)) {
            $this->backupCodes[] = $backUpCode;
        }
    }
}

The example assumes that there are already codes generated for that user. In addition to this, you should implement the backup code (re-)generation as you prefer.

Custom backup code manager

If you don't like the way this is implemented, you can also have your own backup code manager. Create a service implementing Scheb\TwoFactorBundle\Security\TwoFactor\Backup\BackupCodeManagerInterface and register it in the configuration:

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# config/packages/scheb_2fa.yaml
scheb_two_factor:
    backup_codes:
        manager: acme.custom_backup_code_manager  # Use a custom backup code manager
This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.