Making the Locale "Sticky" during a User's Session

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Making the Locale "Sticky" during a User's Session

Prior to Symfony 2.1, the locale was stored in a session attribute called _locale. Since 2.1, it is stored in the Request, which means that it's not "sticky" during a user's request. In this article, you'll learn how to make the locale of a user "sticky" so that once it's set, that same locale will be used for every subsequent request.

Creating a LocaleListener

To simulate that the locale is stored in a session, you need to create and register a new event listener. The listener will look something like this. Typically, _locale is used as a routing parameter to signify the locale, though it doesn't really matter how you determine the desired locale from the request:

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// src/Acme/LocaleBundle/EventListener/LocaleListener.php
namespace Acme\LocaleBundle\EventListener;

use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\Event\GetResponseEvent;
use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\KernelEvents;
use Symfony\Component\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;

class LocaleListener implements EventSubscriberInterface
{
    private $defaultLocale;

    public function __construct($defaultLocale = 'en')
    {
        $this->defaultLocale = $defaultLocale;
    }

    public function onKernelRequest(GetResponseEvent $event)
    {
        $request = $event->getRequest();
        if (!$request->hasPreviousSession()) {
            return;
        }

        // try to see if the locale has been set as a _locale routing parameter
        if ($locale = $request->attributes->get('_locale')) {
            $request->getSession()->set('_locale', $locale);
        } else {
            // if no explicit locale has been set on this request, use one from the session
            $request->setLocale($request->getSession()->get('_locale', $this->defaultLocale));
        }
    }

    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return array(
            // must be registered before the default Locale listener
            KernelEvents::REQUEST => array(array('onKernelRequest', 17)),
        );
    }
}

Then register the listener:

  • YAML
  • XML
  • PHP
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services:
    acme_locale.locale_listener:
        class: Acme\LocaleBundle\EventListener\LocaleListener
        arguments: ["%kernel.default_locale%"]
        tags:
            - { name: kernel.event_subscriber }

That's it! Now celebrate by changing the user's locale and seeing that it's sticky throughout the request. Remember, to get the user's locale, always use the Request::getLocale method:

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// from a controller...
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;

public function indexAction(Request $request)
{
    $locale = $request->getLocale();
}
This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.