How to Include External Routing Resources

Version: 3.4
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How to Include External Routing Resources

Simple applications can define all their routes in a single configuration file - usually app/config/routing.yml (see Routing). However, in most applications it's common to import routes definitions from different resources: PHP annotations in controller files, YAML, XML or PHP files stored in some directory, etc.

This can be done by importing routing resources from the main routing file:

  • YAML
  • XML
  • PHP
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# app/config/routing.yml
app_file:
    # loads routes from the given routing file stored in some bundle
    resource: '@AcmeBundle/Resources/config/routing.yml'

app_annotations:
    # loads routes from the PHP annotations of the controllers found in that directory
    resource: '@AppBundle/Controller/'
    type:     annotation

app_directory:
    # loads routes from the YAML, XML or PHP files found in that directory
    resource: '../legacy/routing/'
    type:     directory

app_bundle:
    # loads routes from the YAML, XML or PHP files found in some bundle directory
    resource: '@AcmeOtherBundle/Resources/config/routing/'
    type:     directory

Note

When importing resources, the key (e.g. app_file) is the name of collection. Just be sure that it's unique per file so no other lines override it.

Prefixing the URLs of Imported Routes

You can also choose to provide a "prefix" for the imported routes. For example, to prefix all application routes with /site (e.g./site/blog/{slug} instead of /blog/{slug}):

  • Annotations
  • YAML
  • XML
  • PHP
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use Symfony\Component\Routing\Annotation\Route;

/**
 * @Route("/site")
 */
class DefaultController
{
    // ...
}

The path of each route being loaded from the new routing resource will now be prefixed with the string /site.

Prefixing the Names of Imported Routes

New in version 3.4

The feature to prefix route names was introduced in Symfony 3.4.

You also have the possibility to prefix all route names defined in a controller class with the name attribute of the @Route annotation:

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use Symfony\Component\Routing\Annotation\Route;

/**
 * @Route(name="blog_")
 */
class BlogController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * @Route("/blog", name="index")
     */
    public function indexAction()
    {
        // ...
    }

    /**
     * @Route("/blog/posts/{slug}", name="post")
     */
    public function showAction(Post $post)
    {
        // ...
    }
}

In this example, the names of the routes will be blog_index and blog_post.

Adding a Host Requirement to Imported Routes

You can set the host regex on imported routes. For more information, see How to Match a Route Based on the Host.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.