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How to Make Commands Lazily Loaded

5.2 version

How to Make Commands Lazily Loaded


If you are using the Symfony full-stack framework, you are probably looking for details about creating lazy commands

The traditional way of adding commands to your application is to use add(), which expects a Command instance as an argument.

In order to lazy-load commands, you need to register an intermediate loader which will be responsible for returning Command instances:

use App\Command\HeavyCommand;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Application;
use Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\FactoryCommandLoader;

$commandLoader = new FactoryCommandLoader([
    'app:heavy' => function () { return new HeavyCommand(); },

$application = new Application();

This way, the HeavyCommand instance will be created only when the app:heavy command is actually called.

This example makes use of the built-in Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\FactoryCommandLoader class, but the setCommandLoader() method accepts any Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\CommandLoaderInterface instance so you can use your own implementation.

Built-in Command Loaders


The Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\FactoryCommandLoader class provides a way of getting commands lazily loaded as it takes an array of Command factories as its only constructor argument:

use Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\FactoryCommandLoader;

$commandLoader = new FactoryCommandLoader([
    'app:foo' => function () { return new FooCommand(); },
    'app:bar' => [BarCommand::class, 'create'],

Factories can be any PHP callable and will be executed each time get() is called.


The Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\ContainerCommandLoader class can be used to load commands from a PSR-11 container. As such, its constructor takes a PSR-11 ContainerInterface implementation as its first argument and a command map as its last argument. The command map must be an array with command names as keys and service identifiers as values:

use Symfony\Component\Console\CommandLoader\ContainerCommandLoader;
use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerBuilder;

$containerBuilder = new ContainerBuilder();
$containerBuilder->register(FooCommand::class, FooCommand::class);

$commandLoader = new ContainerCommandLoader($containerBuilder, [
    'app:foo' => FooCommand::class,

Like this, executing the app:foo command will load the FooCommand service by calling $containerBuilder->get(FooCommand::class).

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.