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The Validator Component

The Validator Component

The Validator component provides tools to validate values following the JSR-303 Bean Validation specification.

Installation

1
$ composer require symfony/validator

Note

If you install this component outside of a Symfony application, you must require the vendor/autoload.php file in your code to enable the class autoloading mechanism provided by Composer. Read this article for more details.

Usage

See also

This article explains how to use the Validator features as an independent component in any PHP application. Read the Validation article to learn about how to validate data and entities in Symfony applications.

The Validator component behavior is based on two concepts:

  • Constraints, which define the rules to be validated;
  • Validators, which are the classes that contain the actual validation logic.

The following example shows how to validate that a string is at least 10 characters long:

use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Length;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\NotBlank;
use Symfony\Component\Validator\Validation;

$validator = Validation::createValidator();
$violations = $validator->validate('Bernhard', [
    new Length(['min' => 10]),
    new NotBlank(),
]);

if (0 !== count($violations)) {
    // there are errors, now you can show them
    foreach ($violations as $violation) {
        echo $violation->getMessage().'<br>';
    }
}

The validate() method returns the list of violations as an object that implements Symfony\Component\Validator\ConstraintViolationListInterface. If you have lots of validation errors, you can filter them by error code:

use Symfony\Bridge\Doctrine\Validator\Constraints\UniqueEntity;

$violations = $validator->validate(...);
if (0 !== count($violations->findByCodes(UniqueEntity::NOT_UNIQUE_ERROR))) {
    // handle this specific error (display some message, send an email, etc.)
}

Retrieving a Validator Instance

The Validator object (that implements Symfony\Component\Validator\Validator\ValidatorInterface) is the main access point of the Validator component. To create a new instance of it, it’s recommended to use the Symfony\Component\Validator\Validation class:

use Symfony\Component\Validator\Validation;

$validator = Validation::createValidator();

This $validator object can validate simple variables such as strings, numbers and arrays, but it can’t validate objects. To do so, configure the Validator as explained in the next sections.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.