Doctrine Configuration Reference

Version: 2.0
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Doctrine Configuration Reference

  • YAML
  • XML
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doctrine:
    dbal:
        default_connection:   default
        connections:
            default:
                dbname:               database
                host:                 localhost
                port:                 1234
                user:                 user
                password:             secret
                driver:               pdo_mysql
                driver_class:         MyNamespace\MyDriverImpl
                options:
                    foo: bar
                path:                 "%kernel.data_dir%/data.sqlite"
                memory:               true
                unix_socket:          /tmp/mysql.sock
                wrapper_class:        MyDoctrineDbalConnectionWrapper
                charset:              UTF8
                logging:              "%kernel.debug%"
                platform_service:     MyOwnDatabasePlatformService
                mapping_types:
                    enum: string
            conn1:
                # ...
        types:
            custom: Acme\HelloBundle\MyCustomType
    orm:
        auto_generate_proxy_classes:    false
        proxy_namespace:                Proxies
        proxy_dir:                      "%kernel.cache_dir%/doctrine/orm/Proxies"
        default_entity_manager:         default # The first defined is used if not set
        entity_managers:
            default:
                # The name of a DBAL connection (the one marked as default is used if not set)
                connection:                     conn1
                mappings: # Required
                    AcmeHelloBundle: ~
                class_metadata_factory_name:    Doctrine\ORM\Mapping\ClassMetadataFactory
                # All cache drivers have to be array, apc, xcache or memcache
                metadata_cache_driver:          array
                query_cache_driver:             array
                result_cache_driver:
                    type:           memcache
                    host:           localhost
                    port:           11211
                    instance_class: Memcache
                    class:          Doctrine\Common\Cache\MemcacheCache
                dql:
                    string_functions:
                        test_string: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\StringFunction
                    numeric_functions:
                        test_numeric: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\NumericFunction
                    datetime_functions:
                        test_datetime: Acme\HelloBundle\DQL\DatetimeFunction
                hydrators:
                    custom: Acme\HelloBundle\Hydrators\CustomHydrator
            em2:
                # ...

Configuration Overview

This following configuration example shows all the configuration defaults that the ORM resolves to:

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doctrine:
    orm:
        auto_mapping: true
        # the standard distribution overrides this to be true in debug, false otherwise
        auto_generate_proxy_classes: false
        proxy_namespace: Proxies
        proxy_dir: "%kernel.cache_dir%/doctrine/orm/Proxies"
        default_entity_manager: default
        metadata_cache_driver: array
        query_cache_driver: array
        result_cache_driver: array

There are lots of other configuration options that you can use to overwrite certain classes, but those are for very advanced use-cases only.

Caching Drivers

For the caching drivers you can specify the values "array", "apc", "memcache" or "xcache".

The following example shows an overview of the caching configurations:

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doctrine:
    orm:
        auto_mapping: true
        metadata_cache_driver: apc
        query_cache_driver: xcache
        result_cache_driver:
            type: memcache
            host: localhost
            port: 11211
            instance_class: Memcache

Mapping Configuration

Explicit definition of all the mapped entities is the only necessary configuration for the ORM and there are several configuration options that you can control. The following configuration options exist for a mapping:

  • type One of annotation, xml, yml, php or staticphp. This specifies which type of metadata type your mapping uses.
  • dir Path to the mapping or entity files (depending on the driver). If this path is relative it is assumed to be relative to the bundle root. This only works if the name of your mapping is a bundle name. If you want to use this option to specify absolute paths you should prefix the path with the kernel parameters that exist in the DIC (for example %kernel.root_dir%).
  • prefix A common namespace prefix that all entities of this mapping share. This prefix should never conflict with prefixes of other defined mappings otherwise some of your entities cannot be found by Doctrine. This option defaults to the bundle namespace + Entity, for example for an application bundle called AcmeHelloBundle prefix would be Acme\HelloBundle\Entity.
  • alias Doctrine offers a way to alias entity namespaces to simpler, shorter names to be used in DQL queries or for Repository access. When using a bundle the alias defaults to the bundle name.
  • is_bundle This option is a derived value from dir and by default is set to true if dir is relative proved by a file_exists() check that returns false. It is false if the existence check returns true. In this case an absolute path was specified and the metadata files are most likely in a directory outside of a bundle.

Doctrine DBAL Configuration

DoctrineBundle supports all parameters that default Doctrine drivers accept, converted to the XML or YAML naming standards that Symfony enforces. See the Doctrine DBAL documentation for more information. The following block shows all possible configuration keys:

  • YAML
  • XML
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doctrine:
    dbal:
        dbname:               database
        host:                 localhost
        port:                 1234
        user:                 user
        password:             secret
        driver:               pdo_mysql
        # the DBAL driverClass option
        driver_class:         MyNamespace\MyDriverImpl
        # the DBAL driverOptions option
        options:
            foo: bar
        path:                 "%kernel.data_dir%/data.sqlite"
        memory:               true
        unix_socket:          /tmp/mysql.sock
        # the DBAL wrapperClass option
        wrapper_class:        MyDoctrineDbalConnectionWrapper
        charset:              UTF8
        logging:              "%kernel.debug%"
        platform_service:     MyOwnDatabasePlatformService
        mapping_types:
            enum: string
        types:
            custom: Acme\HelloBundle\MyCustomType

If you want to configure multiple connections in YAML, put them under the connections key and give them a unique name:

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doctrine:
    dbal:
        default_connection:       default
        connections:
            default:
                dbname:           Symfony2
                user:             root
                password:         null
                host:             localhost
            customer:
                dbname:           customer
                user:             root
                password:         null
                host:             localhost

The database_connection service always refers to the default connection, which is the first one defined or the one configured via the default_connection parameter.

Each connection is also accessible via the doctrine.dbal.[name]_connection service where [name] if the name of the connection.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.