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Upgrading a Major Version (e.g. 2.7.0 to 3.0.0)

Upgrading a Major Version (e.g. 2.7.0 to 3.0.0)

Every few years, Symfony releases a new major version release (the first number changes). These releases are the trickiest to upgrade, as they are allowed to contain BC breaks. However, Symfony tries to make this upgrade process as smooth as possible.

This means that you can update most of your code before the major release is actually released. This is called making your code future compatible.

There are a couple of steps to upgrading a major version:

  1. Make your code deprecation free;
  2. Update to the new major version via Composer;
  3. Update your code to work with the new version.

1) Make your Code Deprecation Free

During the lifecycle of a major release, new features are added and method signatures and public API usages are changed. However, minor versions should not contain any backwards compatibility changes. To accomplish this, the “old” (e.g. functions, classes, etc) code still works, but is marked as deprecated, indicating that it will be removed/changed in the future and that you should stop using it.

When the major version is released (e.g. 3.0.0), all deprecated features and functionality are removed. So, as long as you’ve updated your code to stop using these deprecated features in the last version before the major (e.g. 2.8.*), you should be able to upgrade without a problem.

To help you with this, the last minor releases will trigger deprecated notices. For example, 2.7 and 2.8 trigger deprecated notices. When visiting your application in the dev environment in your browser, these notices are shown in the web dev toolbar:

../../_images/deprecations-in-profiler.png

Deprecations in PHPUnit

By default, PHPUnit will handle deprecation notices as real errors. This means that all tests are aborted because it uses a BC layer.

To make sure this doesn’t happen, you can install the PHPUnit bridge:

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$ composer require symfony/phpunit-bridge

Now, your tests execute normally and a nice summary of the deprecation notices is displayed at the end of the test report:

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$ phpunit
...

OK (10 tests, 20 assertions)

Remaining deprecation notices (6)

The "request" service is deprecated and will be removed in 3.0. Add a typehint for
Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request to your controller parameters to retrieve the
request instead: 6x
    3x in PageAdminTest::testPageShow from Symfony\Cmf\SimpleCmsBundle\Tests\WebTest\Admin
    2x in PageAdminTest::testPageList from Symfony\Cmf\SimpleCmsBundle\Tests\WebTest\Admin
    1x in PageAdminTest::testPageEdit from Symfony\Cmf\SimpleCmsBundle\Tests\WebTest\Admin

2) Update to the New Major Version via Composer

If your code is deprecation free, you can update the Symfony library via Composer by modifying your composer.json file:

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{
    "...": "...",

    "require": {
        "symfony/symfony": "3.0.*",
    },
    "...": "...",
}

Next, use Composer to download new versions of the libraries:

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$ composer update symfony/symfony

Dependency Errors

If you get a dependency error, it may simply mean that you need to upgrade other Symfony dependencies too. In that case, try the following command:

$ composer update symfony/symfony –with-dependencies

This updates symfony/symfony and all packages that it depends on, which will include several other packages. By using tight version constraints in composer.json, you can control what versions each library upgrades to.

If this still doesn’t work, your composer.json file may specify a version for a library that is not compatible with the newer Symfony version. In that case, updating that library to a newer version in composer.json may solve the issue.

Or, you may have deeper issues where different libraries depend on conflicting versions of other libraries. Check your error message to debug.

Upgrading other Packages

You may also want to upgrade the rest of your libraries. If you’ve done a good job with your version constraints in composer.json, you can do this safely by running:

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$ composer update

Caution

Beware, if you have some unspecific version constraints in your composer.json (e.g. dev-master), this could upgrade some non-Symfony libraries to new versions that contain backwards-compatibility breaking changes.

3) Update your Code to Work with the New Version

There is a good chance that you’re done now! However, the next major version may also contain new BC breaks as a BC layer is not always a possibility. Make sure you read the UPGRADE-X.0.md (where X is the new major version) included in the Symfony repository for any BC break that you need to be aware of.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.