How to Decorate Services

Version: 3.3
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How to Decorate Services

When overriding an existing definition (e.g. when applying the Decorator pattern), the original service is lost:

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services:
    app.mailer:
        class: AppBundle\Mailer

    # this replaces the old app.mailer definition with the new one, the
    # old definition is lost
    app.mailer:
        class: AppBundle\DecoratingMailer

Most of the time, that's exactly what you want to do. But sometimes, you might want to decorate the old service instead and keep the old service so that you can reference it:

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services:
    app.mailer:
        class: AppBundle\Mailer

    app.decorating_mailer:
        class:     AppBundle\DecoratingMailer
        # overrides the app.mailer service
        # but that service is still available as app.decorating_mailer.inner
        decorates: app.mailer

        # pass the old service as an argument
        arguments: ['@app.decorating_mailer.inner']

        # private, because usually you do not need to fetch app.decorating_mailer directly
        public:    false

The decorates option tells the container that the app.decorating_mailer service replaces the app.mailer service. The old app.mailer service is renamed to app.decorating_mailer.inner so you can inject it into your new service.

Tip

The visibility (public) of the decorated app.mailer service (which is an alias for the new service) will still be the same as the original app.mailer visibility.

Note

The generated inner id is based on the id of the decorator service (app.decorating_mailer here), not of the decorated service (app.mailer here). You can control the inner service name via the decoration_inner_name option:

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services:
    app.decorating_mailer:
        # ...
        decoration_inner_name: app.decorating_mailer.wooz
        arguments: ['@app.decorating_mailer.wooz']

Decoration Priority

When applying multiple decorators to a service, you can control their order with the decoration_priority option. Its value is an integer that defaults to 0 and higher priorities mean that decorators will be applied earlier.

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foo:
    class: Foo

bar:
    class: Bar
    public: false
    decorates: foo
    decoration_priority: 5
    arguments: ['@bar.inner']

baz:
    class: Baz
    public: false
    decorates: foo
    decoration_priority: 1
    arguments: ['@baz.inner']

The generated code will be the following:

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$this->services['foo'] = new Baz(new Bar(new Foo()));
This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.