How to Log Messages to different Files

Version: 2.5
Edit this page

Warning: You are browsing the documentation for Symfony 2.5, which is no longer maintained.

Read the updated version of this page for Symfony 6.0 (the current stable version).

How to Log Messages to different Files

The Symfony Standard Edition contains a bunch of channels for logging: doctrine, event, security and request. Each channel corresponds to a logger service (monolog.logger.XXX) in the container and is injected to the concerned service. The purpose of channels is to be able to organize different types of log messages.

By default, Symfony logs every message into a single file (regardless of the channel).

Switching a Channel to a different Handler

Now, suppose you want to log the doctrine channel to a different file.

To do so, just create a new handler and configure it like this:

  • YAML
  • XML
  • PHP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
# app/config/config.yml
monolog:
    handlers:
        main:
            type:     stream
            path:     /var/log/symfony.log
            channels: ["!doctrine"]
        doctrine:
            type:     stream
            path:     /var/log/doctrine.log
            channels: [doctrine]

YAML Specification

You can specify the configuration by many forms:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
channels: ~    # Include all the channels

channels: foo  # Include only channel "foo"
channels: "!foo" # Include all channels, except "foo"

channels: [foo, bar]   # Include only channels "foo" and "bar"
channels: ["!foo", "!bar"] # Include all channels, except "foo" and "bar"

Creating your own Channel

You can change the channel monolog logs to one service at a time. This is done either via the configuration below or by tagging your service with monolog.logger and specifying which channel the service should log to. With the tag, the logger that is injected into that service is preconfigured to use the channel you've specified.

Configure Additional Channels without Tagged Services

New in version 2.4

This feature was introduced to the MonologBundle 2.4, which was first packaged with Symfony 2.4.

With MonologBundle 2.4 you can configure additional channels without the need to tag your services:

  • YAML
  • XML
  • PHP
1
2
3
# app/config/config.yml
monolog:
    channels: ["foo", "bar"]

With this, you can now send log messages to the foo channel by using the automatically registered logger service monolog.logger.foo.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.