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The Coding Standards document describes the coding standards for the Symfony projects and the internal and third-party bundles. This document describes coding standards and conventions used in the core framework to make it more consistent and predictable. You are encouraged to follow them in your own code, but you don't need to.
When an object has a "main" many relation with related "things" (objects, parameters, ...), the method names are normalized:
The usage of these methods is only allowed when it is clear that there is a main relation:
- a Service
Containerhas many services and many parameters (as services is the main relation, the naming convention is used for this relation);
- a Console
Inputhas many arguments and many options. There is no "main" relation, and so the naming convention does not apply.
For many relations where the convention does not apply, the following methods
must be used instead (where
XXX is the name of the related thing):
|Main Relation||Other Relations|
replaceXXX() are very similar, there is one notable
setXXX() may replace, or add new elements to the relation.
replaceXXX(), on the other hand, cannot add new elements. If an unrecognized
key is passed to
replaceXXX() it must throw an exception.
When adding a new feature in a minor version or deprecating an existing behavior, an entry to the relevant CHANGELOG(s) should be added.
New features and deprecations must be described in a file named
CHANGELOG.md that should be at the root directory of the modified
Component, Bridge or Bundle.
The file must be written with the Markdown syntax and follow the following conventions:
- The main title is always
- Each entry must be added to a minor version section (like
5.3) as a list element;
- No third level sections are allowed;
- Messages should follow the commit message conventions: should be short, capitalize the line, do not end with a period, use an imperative verb to start the line;
- New entries must be added on top of the list.
Here is a complete example for reference:
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CHANGELOG ========= 5.3 --- * Add `MagicConfig` that allows configuring things
CHANGELOG-* files at the
symfony/symfony root directory
are automatically generated when releases are prepared and should never be
From time to time, some classes and/or methods are deprecated in the framework; that happens when a feature implementation cannot be changed because of backward compatibility issues, but we still want to propose a "better" alternative. In that case, the old implementation can be deprecated.
Deprecations must only be introduced on the next minor version of the impacted component (or bundle, or bridge, or contract). They can exceptionally be introduced on previous supported versions if they are critical.
A new class (or interface, or trait) cannot be introduced as deprecated, or contain deprecated methods.
A new method cannot be introduced as deprecated.
A feature is marked as deprecated by adding a
@deprecated PHPDoc to
relevant classes, methods, properties, ...:
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/** * @deprecated since Symfony 5.1. */
The deprecation message must indicate the version in which the feature was deprecated, and whenever possible, how it was replaced:
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/** * @deprecated since Symfony 5.1, use Replacement instead. */
When the replacement is in another namespace than the deprecated class, its FQCN must be used:
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/** * @deprecated since Symfony 5.1, use A\B\Replacement instead. */
A deprecation must also be triggered to help people with the migration
trigger_deprecation('symfony/package-name', '5.1', 'The "%s" class is deprecated, use "%s" instead.', Deprecated::class, Replacement::class);
When deprecating a whole class the
trigger_error() call should be placed
after the use declarations, like in this example from ServiceRouterLoader:
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namespace Symfony\Component\Routing\Loader\DependencyInjection; use Symfony\Component\Routing\Loader\ContainerLoader; trigger_deprecation('symfony/routing', '4.4', 'The "%s" class is deprecated, use "%s" instead.', ServiceRouterLoader::class, ContainerLoader::class); /** * @deprecated since Symfony 4.4, use Symfony\Component\Routing\Loader\ContainerLoader instead. */ class ServiceRouterLoader extends ObjectRouteLoader
The deprecation must be added to the
CHANGELOG.md file of the impacted component:
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4.4 --- * Deprecate the `Deprecated` class, use `Replacement` instead
It must also be added to the
UPGRADE.md file of the targeted minor version
UPGRADE-4.4.md in our example):
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DependencyInjection ------------------- * Deprecate the `Deprecated` class, use `Replacement` instead
Finally, its consequences must be added to the
UPGRADE.md file of the next major version
UPGRADE-5.0.md in our example):
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DependencyInjection ------------------- * Remove the `Deprecated` class, use `Replacement` instead
All these tasks are mandatory and must be done in the same pull request.
Removing deprecated code can only be done once every 2 years, on the next major version of the
impacted component (
When removing deprecated code, the consequences of the deprecation must be added to the
of the impacted component:
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5.0 --- * Remove the `Deprecated` class, use `Replacement` instead
This task is mandatory and must be done in the same pull request.