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Actions

Actions

WARNING: You are browsing the documentation for EasyAdmin 3.x, which has just been released. Switch to EasyAdmin 2.x docs if your application has not been upgraded to EasyAdmin 3 yet.

Actions are each of the tasks that you can perform on CRUD pages. In the index page for example, you have tasks to “edit” and “delete” each entity displayed in the listing and you have another task to “create” a new entity.

Actions are configured in the configureActions() method of your dashboard or CRUD controller:

namespace App\Controller\Admin;

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Controller\AbstractCrudController;

class ProductCrudController extends AbstractCrudController
{
    // ...

    public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
    {
        // ...
    }
}

Action Names and Constants

Some methods require as argument the name of some action. In addition to plain strings with the action names ('index', 'detail', 'edit', etc.) you can also use constants for these values: Action::INDEX, Action::DETAIL, Action::EDIT, etc. (they are defined in the EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action class).

Built-in Actions

These are the built-in actions included by default in each page:

  • Page Crud::PAGE_INDEX ('index'):
    • Added by default: Action::EDIT, Action::DELETE, Action::NEW
    • Other available actions: Action::DETAIL
  • Page Crud::PAGE_DETAIL ('detail'):
    • Added by default: Action::EDIT, Action::DELETE, Action::INDEX
    • Other available actions: -
  • Page Crud::PAGE_EDIT ('edit'):
    • Added by default: Action::SAVE_AND_RETURN, Action::SAVE_AND_CONTINUE
    • Other available actions: Action::DELETE, Action::INDEX
  • Page Crud::PAGE_NEW ('new'):
    • Added by default: Action::SAVE_AND_RETURN, Action::SAVE_AND_ADD_ANOTHER
    • Other available actions: Action::SAVE_AND_CONTINUE, Action::INDEX

Adding Actions

Use the add() method to add any built-in actions and your own custom actions (which are explained later in this article):

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Crud;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        ->add(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, Action::DETAIL)
        ->add(Crud::PAGE_EDIT, Action::SAVE_AND_ADD_ANOTHER)
    ;
}

Removing Actions

Removing actions makes them unavailable in the interface, so the user can’t click on buttons/links to run those actions. However, users can hack the URL to run the action. To fully disable an action, use the disable() method explained later:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Crud;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        ->remove(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, Action::NEW)
        ->remove(Crud::PAGE_DETAIL, Action::EDIT)
    ;
}

Updating an Action

This is mostly useful to change built-in actions (e.g. to change their icon, update or remove their label, etc.). The update() method expects a callable and EasyAdmin passes the action to it automatically:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Actions;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Crud;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        ->update(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, Action::NEW, function (Action $action) {
            return $action->setIcon('fa fa-file-alt')->setLabel(false);
        })

        // in PHP 7.4 and newer you can use arrow functions
        // ->update(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, Action::NEW,
        //     fn (Action $action) => $action->setIcon('fa fa-file-alt')->setLabel(false))
    ;
}

Displaying Actions Conditionally

Some actions must displayed only when some conditions met. For example, a “View Invoice” action may be displayed only when the order status is “paid”. Use the displayIf() method to configure when the action should be visible to users:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Actions;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Crud;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
        $viewInvoice = Action::new('View Invoice', 'fas fa-file-invoice')
            ->displayIf(static function ($entity) {
                return $entity->isPublished();
            });

            // in PHP 7.4 and newer you can use arrow functions
            // ->displayIf(fn ($entity) => $entity->isPublished())

        return $actions
            // ...
            ->add(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, $viewInvoice);
}

Disabling Actions

Disabling an action means that it’s not displayed in the interface and the user can’t run the action even if they hack the URL. If they try to do that, they will see a “Forbidden Action” exception.

Actions are disabled globally, you cannot disable them per page:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Actions;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        // this will forbid to create or delete entities in the backend
        ->disable(Action::NEW, Action::DELETE)
    ;
}

Restricting Actions

Instead of disabling actions, you can restrict their execution to certain users. Use the setPermission() to define the Symfony Security permission needed to view and run some action.

Permissions are defined globally; you cannot define different permissions per page:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Actions;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        ->setPermission(Action::NEW, 'ROLE_ADMIN')
        ->setPermission(Action::NEW, 'ROLE_SUPER_ADMIN')
    ;
}

Reordering Actions

Use the reorder() to define the order in which actions are displayed in some page:

use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Actions;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Crud;

public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
{
    return $actions
        // ...
        ->reorder(Crud::PAGE_INDEX, [Action::DELETE, Action::DETAIL, Action::EDIT])
    ;
}

Adding Custom Actions

In addition to the built-in actions provided by EasyAdmin, you can create your own actions. First, define the basics of your action (name, label, icon) with the Action class constructor:

// the only mandatory argument is the internal name of the action (which is
// used to add the action to some pages, to reorder the action position, etc.)
$viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice');

// the second optional argument is the label visible to end users
$viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', 'Invoice');
// not defining the label explicitly or setting it to NULL means
// that the label is autogenerated from the name (e.g. 'viewInvoice' -> 'View Invoice')
$viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', null);
// set the label to FALSE to not display any label for this action (but make sure
// to display an icon for the action; otherwise end users won't see it)
$viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', false);

// the third optional argument is the full CSS class of a FontAwesome icon
$viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', 'Invoice', 'fa fa-file-invoice');

Once you’ve configured the basics, use one of the following methods to define which method is executed when clicking on the action:

  • linkToCrudAction(): to execute some method of the current CRUD controller;
  • linkToRoute(): to execute some regular Symfony controller via its route;
  • linkToUrl(): to visit an external URL (useful when your action is not served by your application).

The following example shows all kinds of actions in practice:

namespace App\Controller\Admin;

use App\Entity\Invoice;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Config\Action;
use EasyCorp\Bundle\EasyAdminBundle\Controller\AbstractCrudController;

class ProductCrudController extends AbstractCrudController
{
    // ...

    public function configureActions(Actions $actions): Actions
    {
        // this action executes the 'renderInvoice()' method of the current CRUD controller
        $viewInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', 'Invoice', 'fa fa-file-invoice')
            ->linkToCrudAction('renderInvoice');

        // if the method is not defined in a CRUD controller, link to its route
        $sendInvoice = Action::new('sendInvoice', 'Send invoice', 'fa fa-envelope')
            // if the route needs parameters, you can define them:
            // 1) using an array
            ->linkToRoute('invoice_send', [
                'send_at' => (new \DateTime('+ 10 minutes'))->format('YmdHis'),
            ])

            // 2) using a callable (useful if parameters depend on the entity instance)
            // (the type-hint of the function argument is optional but useful)
            ->linkToRoute('invoice_send', function (Invoice $entity) {
                return [
                    'uuid' => $entity->getId(),
                    'method' => $entity->sendMethod(),
                ];
            });

        // this action points to the invoice on Stripe application
        $viewStripeInvoice = Action::new('viewInvoice', 'Invoice', 'fa fa-file-invoice')
            ->linkToUrl(function (Invoice $entity) {
                return 'https://www.stripe.com/invoice/'.$entity->getStripeReference();
            });

        return $actions
            // ...
            ->add(Crud::PAGE_DETAIL, $viewInvoice)
            ->add(Crud::PAGE_DETAIL, $sendInvoice)
            ->add(Crud::PAGE_DETAIL, $viewStripeInvoice)
        ;
    }
}

Batch Actions

Note

Batch actions are not ready yet, but we’re working on adding support for them.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.