Table of Contents
Do you prefer video tutorials? Check out the Stellar Development with Symfony screencast series.
Before creating your first Symfony application you must:
- Note that all newer, released versions of PHP will be supported during the lifetime of each Symfony release (including new major versions). For example, PHP 8.1 is supported.
- Install Composer, which is used to install PHP packages.
Optionally, you can also install Symfony CLI. This creates a binary called
symfony that provides all the tools you need to develop and run your
Symfony application locally.
symfony binary also provides a tool to check if your computer meets all
requirements. Open your console terminal and run this command:
$ symfony check:requirements
The Symfony CLI is written in Go and you can contribute to it in the symfony-cli/symfony-cli GitHub repository.
Open your console terminal and run any of these commands to create a new Symfony application:
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# run this if you are building a traditional web application $ symfony new my_project_directory --webapp # run this if you are building a microservice, console application or API $ symfony new my_project_directory
The only difference between these two commands is the number of packages
installed by default. The
--webapp option installs all the packages that you
usually need to build web applications, so the installation size will be bigger.
If you're not using the Symfony binary, run these commands to create the new Symfony application using Composer:
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# run this if you are building a traditional web application $ composer create-project symfony/skeleton my_project_directory $ cd my_project_directory $ composer require webapp # run this if you are building a microservice, console application or API $ composer create-project symfony/skeleton my_project_directory
No matter which command you run to create the Symfony application. All of them
will create a new
my_project_directory/ directory, download some dependencies
into it and even generate the basic directories and files you'll need to get
started. In other words, your new application is ready!
The project's cache and logs directory (by default,
<project>/var/log/) must be writable by the web server. If you have
any issue, read how to set up permissions for Symfony applications.
In addition to creating new Symfony projects, you will also work on projects already created by other developers. In that case, you only need to get the project code and install the dependencies with Composer. Assuming your team uses Git, setup your project with the following commands:
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# clone the project to download its contents $ cd projects/ $ git clone ... # make Composer install the project's dependencies into vendor/ $ cd my-project/ $ composer install
You'll probably also need to customize your .env file and do a few other project-specific tasks (e.g. creating a database). When working on a existing Symfony application for the first time, it may be useful to run this command which displays information about the project:
$ php bin/console about
In production, you should install a web server like Nginx or Apache and configure it to run Symfony. This method can also be used if you're not using the Symfony local web server for development.
However for local development, the most convenient way of running Symfony is by
using the local web server provided by the
symfony binary. This local server provides among other things support for
HTTP/2, concurrent requests, TLS/SSL and automatic generation of security
Open your console terminal, move into your new project directory and start the local web server as follows:
$ cd my-project/ $ symfony server:start
Open your browser and navigate to
http://localhost:8000/. If everything is
working, you'll see a welcome page. Later, when you are finished working, stop
the server by pressing
Ctrl+C from your terminal.
The web server works with any PHP application, not only Symfony projects, so it's a very useful generic development tool.
A common practice when developing Symfony applications is to install packages (Symfony calls them bundles) that provide ready-to-use features. Packages usually require some setup before using them (editing some file to enable the bundle, creating some file to add some initial config, etc.)
Most of the time this setup can be automated and that's why Symfony includes Symfony Flex, a tool to simplify the installation/removal of packages in Symfony applications. Technically speaking, Symfony Flex is a Composer plugin that is installed by default when creating a new Symfony application and which automates the most common tasks of Symfony applications.
You can also add Symfony Flex to an existing project.
Symfony Flex modifies the behavior of the
remove Composer commands to provide advanced features. Consider the
$ cd my-project/ $ composer require logger
If you run that command in a Symfony application which doesn't use Flex, you'll
see a Composer error explaining that
logger is not a valid package name.
However, if the application has Symfony Flex installed, that command installs
and enables all the packages needed to use the official Symfony logger.
This is possible because lots of Symfony packages/bundles define "recipes",
which are a set of automated instructions to install and enable packages into
Symfony applications. Flex keeps track of the recipes it installed in a
symfony.lock file, which must be committed to your code repository.
Symfony Flex recipes are contributed by the community and they are stored in two public repositories:
- Main recipe repository, is a curated list of recipes for high quality and maintained packages. Symfony Flex only looks in this repository by default.
- Contrib recipe repository, contains all the recipes created by the community. All of them are guaranteed to work, but their associated packages could be unmaintained. Symfony Flex will ask your permission before installing any of these recipes.
Read the Symfony Recipes documentation to learn everything about how to create recipes for your own packages.
Sometimes a single feature requires installing several packages and bundles. Instead of installing them individually, Symfony provides packs, which are Composer metapackages that include several dependencies.
For example, to add debugging features in your application, you can run the
composer require --dev debug command. This installs the
which in turn installs several packages like
You won't see the
symfony/debug-pack dependency in your
as Flex automatically unpacks the pack. This means that it only adds the real
packages as dependencies (e.g. you will see a new
require-dev). While it is not recommended, you can use the
require --no-unpack ... option to disable unpacking.
symfony binary created when you install Symfony CLI provides a command
to check whether your project's dependencies contain any known security
$ symfony check:security
A good security practice is to execute this command regularly to be able to
update or replace compromised dependencies as soon as possible. The security
check is done locally by fetching the public PHP security advisories database,
composer.lock file is not sent on the network.
check:security command terminates with a non-zero exit code if any of
your dependencies is affected by a known security vulnerability. This way you
can add it to your project build process and your continuous integration
workflows to make them fail when there are vulnerabilities.
In continuous integration services you can check security vulnerabilities
using a different stand-alone project called Local PHP Security Checker.
This is the same project used internally by
check:security but much
smaller in size than the entire Symfony CLI.
By default, the command that creates new Symfony applications uses the latest
stable version. If you want to use an LTS version, add the
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# use the most recent LTS version $ symfony new my_project_directory --version=lts # use the 'next' Symfony version to be released (still in development) $ symfony new my_project_directory --version=next # you can also select an exact specific Symfony version $ symfony new my_project_directory --version=5.4
next shortcuts are only available when using Symfony to
create new projects. If you use Composer, you need to tell the exact version:
$ composer create-project symfony/skeleton:"^5.4" my_project_directory
The Symfony Demo Application is a fully-functional application that shows the recommended way to develop Symfony applications. It's a great learning tool for Symfony newcomers and its code contains tons of comments and helpful notes.
Run this command to create a new project based on the Symfony Demo application:
$ symfony new my_project_directory --demo
- Using Docker with Symfony
- Using Symfony with Homestead/Vagrant
- Configuring a Web Server
- Upgrading a Third-Party Bundle for a Major Symfony Version
- Setting up or Fixing File Permissions
- Upgrading Existing Applications to Symfony Flex
- How To Configure and Use Flex Private Recipe Repositories
- Symfony Local Web Server
- How to Install or Upgrade to the Latest, Unreleased Symfony Version
- Upgrading a Major Version (e.g. 5.4.0 to 6.0.0)
- Upgrading a Minor Version (e.g. 5.0.0 to 5.1.0)
- Upgrading a Patch Version (e.g. 6.0.0 to 6.0.1)