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How to Generate URLs and Send Emails from the Console

How to Generate URLs and Send Emails from the Console

Unfortunately, the command line context does not know about your VirtualHost or domain name. This means that if you generate absolute URLs within a Console Command you’ll probably end up with something like http://localhost/foo/bar which is not very useful.

To fix this, you need to configure the “request context”, which is a fancy way of saying that you need to configure your environment so that it knows what URL it should use when generating URLs.

There are two ways of configuring the request context: at the application level and per Command.

Configuring the Request Context globally

New in version 2.2: The base_url parameter was introduced in Symfony 2.2.

To configure the Request Context - which is used by the URL Generator - you can redefine the parameters it uses as default values to change the default host (localhost) and scheme (http). Starting with Symfony 2.2 you can also configure the base path if Symfony is not running in the root directory.

Note that this does not impact URLs generated via normal web requests, since those will override the defaults.

  • YAML
    # app/config/parameters.yml
        router.request_context.host: example.org
        router.request_context.scheme: https
        router.request_context.base_url: my/path
  • XML
    <!-- app/config/parameters.xml -->
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <container xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/dic/services"
            <parameter key="router.request_context.host">example.org</parameter>
            <parameter key="router.request_context.scheme">https</parameter>
            <parameter key="router.request_context.base_url">my/path</parameter>
  • PHP
    // app/config/config_test.php
    $container->setParameter('router.request_context.host', 'example.org');
    $container->setParameter('router.request_context.scheme', 'https');
    $container->setParameter('router.request_context.base_url', 'my/path');

Configuring the Request Context per Command

To change it only in one command you can simply fetch the Request Context from the router service and override its settings:

// src/Acme/DemoBundle/Command/DemoCommand.php

// ...
class DemoCommand extends ContainerAwareCommand
    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
        $context = $this->getContainer()->get('router')->getContext();

        // ... your code here

Using Memory Spooling

New in version 2.3: When using Symfony 2.3+ and SwiftmailerBundle 2.3.5+, the memory spool is now handled automatically in the CLI and the code below is not necessary anymore.

Sending emails in a console command works the same way as described in the How to Send an Email cookbook except if memory spooling is used.

When using memory spooling (see the How to Spool Emails cookbook for more information), you must be aware that because of how Symfony handles console commands, emails are not sent automatically. You must take care of flushing the queue yourself. Use the following code to send emails inside your console command:

$message = new \Swift_Message();

// ... prepare the message

$container = $this->getContainer();
$mailer = $container->get('mailer');


// now manually flush the queue
$spool = $mailer->getTransport()->getSpool();
$transport = $container->get('swiftmailer.transport.real');


Another option is to create an environment which is only used by console commands and uses a different spooling method.


Taking care of the spooling is only needed when memory spooling is used. If you are using file spooling (or no spooling at all), there is no need to flush the queue manually within the command.

This work, including the code samples, is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 license.